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Archive for the ‘Eye Sight & Vision’ Category

Monocular vision (sight in one eye) – RNIB – See differently

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

If you have monocular vision or sight loss in one eye, we've put together some advice and answers to some commonly asked questions which we hope you'll find useful.

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Quick linksTime to adjustPractical tipsCan I still drive?Can I register as partially sighted (sight impaired)?Looking after the sight in your good eyeSources of support

It is perfectly normal to need some time to adjust to losing the sight in one of your eyes both emotionally and practically.

When you lose vision in one eye its common to experience some uncomfortable symptoms as your visual system adjusts to this new way of seeing.

Youll only be using one eye instead of using both eyes as a pair. This can initially cause some problems for people with things like depth perception (judging steps or correctly gauging how to pour liquid into a cup for example) and not having the field of vision on the affected side that you are used to (what you can see to the sides when looking straight ahead).

If the sight loss is not complete, it may also cause things to appear less clear, as the poor sight in the affected eye can "interfere" with vision from the good eye.

People can also find that their eyes can become tired sometimes after very little effort as the eyes are trying to work to make the best of the remaining vision. You can continue using your good eye for activities such as reading or watching television; it wont damage your eyes. However, you may find it helpful to take regular breaks from these tasks to prevent your eyes from becoming tired or fatigued.

In the main, the solution to these problems is a natural adjustment which happens over time. Our brains are very adaptable and able to adjust to this change in vision. Usually people find that with time their good eye "takes over" and that tasks that were previously difficult become easier. Its very difficult to say how long this adjustment will take as this is very individual. However, once someone has adjusted to monocular vision, they find that they are able to read, watch television and perform many day to day activities without any problems.

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Here are a few ideas that you may find useful to incorporate into things you do every day.

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If you have monocular vision, you may still be able to drive a car or motorcycle if your other eye has good enough vision to meet the legal standards set by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA), and you have adapted to the sight loss in one eye.

Your ability to judge distances accurately may be affected and you may be less aware of objects on the side that has lost vision. Making better use of your wing mirrors will help. You will also need to bear in mind that blind spots caused by your cars design will be larger for you if you only have vision in one eye.

For complete loss of vision in one eye (where there is no perception of light in the affected eye), the driver:

Any driver with monocular vision must notify the DVLA if they fail to meet these requirements. If you live in Northern Ireland you must contact the Driver & Vehicle Agency (DVA). Your ophthalmologist (hospital eye doctor) or optometrist will be able to advise you further about these requirements and let you know whether you need to notify the DVLA or DVA.

If you hold a Heavy Goods Vehicle or Public Service Vehicle licence, the rules and requirements are different, and you must let the DVLA or DVAknow about your monocular vision. You will probably need to complete a V1V form from the DVLA. In Northern Ireland, contact the DVA.

RNIB cannot give permission for you to carry on driving. If you have any doubt about whether you can meet the visual requirements for driving, your GP, optometrist or ophthalmologist will be able to advise you.

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Many people who have sight in only one eye consider themselves partially sighted. However, an eye consultant will not be able to certify you as Sight Impaired/Partially Sighted because you would not meet the criteria unless you also have a significant loss of sight in your other eye. This is because both eyes need to be affected by loss of vision in order to meet the criteria for certification. The criteria for certification and registration are set nationally by the Department of Health and applied at the discretion of a consultant ophthalmologist.

If you have some loss of sight in your other eye as well then it is worth discussing the possibility of registration with your ophthalmologist.

Its important for people who have good sight in only one eye to have regular eye examinations with an optometrist so that the health of the eye they rely on can be monitored. Your optometrist should let you know how often you need to have your eyes examined.

For people who have sight in only one eye, it may be a good idea to consider the use of protective eyewear or sports goggles for certain sports or activities, such as gardening or DIY, to prevent injury to the good eye. You can speak to a dispensing optician at your local optician practice for more advice about this. Dispensing opticians are qualified in the dispensing and fitting of eyewear and can give professional advice about suitable protective frames and lenses.

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See which of your habits is actually hurting your eyesight – Yahoo News UK

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

What would you do for perfect eyesight? More than one-third of people would stay off the internet for a year, according to research.

A study of 2,001 Americans explored how they are preserving their eye health, and found that 36% would disconnect from all digital platforms and one in four would swim with sharks for 20/20 vision.

Though reality is much different scrolling through social media feeds, browsing the web and watching TV for extended periods of time has likely led to digital eye strain, blurry vision and other bodily discomforts for nearly all respondents (86%).

Conducted by OnePoll and commissioned by VSP Vision Care, the survey also found that 57% admitted to powering through eye pain and discomfort to continue whatever activity they were doing.

Many Americans are guilty of maxing out the brightness of their smartphone displays (51%), sitting too close to the TV or computer screen (48%) and watching their favorite show in the dark (44%).

As a result, Americans ignore digital eye strain an average of four times a week due to being too invested in the shows, games or work that populates their screens.

Four in five (79%) even have to force themselves to take screen breaks when the pain becomes intolerable.

The study illustrated how neglecting to preserve eye health has affected people's social life, as 47% have canceled plans due to eye discomfort, and more than half (54%) have taken the day off from work or school for the same reason.

The average person sees six cancellations per year because of digital eye strain, though three in 10 respondents who have nixed work or school (29%) said it occurs more frequently than that.

"Our lifestyles have changed since the pandemic resulting in more vision issues. Which is why taking care of your eyes by enrolling in a vision benefits plan and going to an eye doctor every year is more important than ever," said Kate Renwick-Espinosa, president of VSP Vision Care.

The act of appreciating our peepers goes further than just vision correction needs, as 65% said they rely on their eye doctor for things other than impacted eyesight.

In fact, nearly half (48%) said vision insurance is important when considering benefits after starting a new job, as seven in 10 of those with coverage selected it to have affordable access to preventative care, and 48% said they got it for their peace of mind.

Only about half of Americans visit their eye doctor at least once per year (48%); meanwhile, roughly one in eight (12%) said they've never been to the eye doctor before in their life.

Additionally, almost the same number of respondents (13%) said they currently don't wear glasses or contacts but need them due to their blurry vision.

"Don't overlook the importance of vision benefits this year. In addition to keeping your eyes healthy, a comprehensive eye exam can help detect serious health conditions, like diabetes. Open enrollment is a perfect time to check the box on vision care benefits for your eyes and overall health," adds Kate Renwick-Espinosa, president of VSP Vision Care.

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See which of your habits is actually hurting your eyesight - Yahoo News UK

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CVRS, TEH protect the gift of sight with free eye surgeries | Loop Trinidad & Tobago – Loop News Trinidad and Tobago

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

The team at Caribbean Vitreous and Retina Surgery Ltd (CVRS) and Trinidad Eye Hospital (TEH) have dedicated their lives to restoring sight and repairing vision loss for thousands, and preventing avoidable blindness.

Each year, TEH, with help from majority sponsor CVRS and the support of dedicated sponsors like Eye See You Ophthalmic and Medical Supplies Ltd, hosts two charity initiatives. At these events, The Gift of Sight and Sight Saver charities, a handful of patients from a very long waiting list, are able to get their much-needed eye surgery, free of charge.

Recognising the necessity to meet the needs of those who require these sight-saving surgeries but dont have the means, Dr Ronnie Bhola, CVRS Chief Surgeon and CEO, created the non-profit company Trinidad Eye Hospital. TEH makes free eye surgery a little more accessible in the private health sector, offering hope to vulnerable groups.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has identified cataracts as the cause for 48 per cent of world blindness. As a natural part of aging, almost all of us will develop cataracts (clouding/loss in transparency of the lens) in our eyes.

While cataracts can be surgically removed, in many countries, including Trinidad and Tobago, there are some barriers that prevent patients from accessing the required surgery.

The main issue is often lack of funding for corrective eye surgery. Sometimes, its a matter of an over-burdened public health care system. These factors have led to cataracts being one of the leading causes of avoidable blindness in the world.

The average cost of a cataract surgery is $TT12,000 and many are unable to afford the cost of this procedure.Cataract surgery is one of the most common and perfected surgeries in the world. This 12-15-minute surgery can be life changing, restoring eye-sight, and can even have implications for someones quality of life and even their independence.

As the majority sponsor of Trinidad Eye Hospital, CVRS has championed this cause most passionately and together with their generous sponsor network, over 200 free cataract surgeries have been donesince the launch of the Gift of Sight Program in 2016.

CVRS is urging the public healthcare sector to start conversations about how they can multiply this effort working together in more innovative and creative ways.

In 2019, TEH expanded its initiative and added vitrectomy surgery to the free program. This is a complex, much more expensive surgery that is needed by many persons who have diabetic retinopathy due to diabetes.

Trinidad Eye Hospital through its partnership with the Diabetes Association of Trinidad and Tobago (DATT) has helped to prevent vision loss due to diabetes through a free eye screening program, (DESP).

Massive outreach for screening is currently underway for the month of November which is Diabetes Awareness Month. If you are diabetic, call 607-3288 to find out more about free screening.

For the CVRS and TEH team, preserving eyesight is more than just a profession its a calling.

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CVRS, TEH protect the gift of sight with free eye surgeries | Loop Trinidad & Tobago - Loop News Trinidad and Tobago

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Take More Walking to Improve Your Eyesight! – Central Recorder

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

Research shows that more walking can be beneficial for your eyesight. 2020Studythat focused mostly on macular degeneration (AMD), two groups of mice were observed for four weeks. One group had access and one didnt have. The researchers then used age-related vision loss simulations to determine that mice who exercised suffered nearly 45% less damage than those who didnt. The new study is exciting because it supports previous findings with laboratory evidence suggesting a link between exercise and prevention of AMD, J. Kevin McKinney,opthalmologist andAmerican Academy of Ophthalmology spokesperson, said.

According to the Glaucoma Research FoundationModerate exercise can be done on a regular basis to lower intraocular pressure. This can cause damage to the optic nerves and vision loss. A regular exercise routine can also safeguard against excess blood vessels, which occurs in macular degeneration, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy (via theAmerican Academy of Ophthalmology). This can not only help with current eye conditions but also increase blood flow to retina and optic nerve. Even your eyes will be grateful for the morning walk.

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Remedies to reduce eye strain while working from home – The Siasat Daily

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

New Delhi: The unprecedented event in the form of a Pandemic has pushed people to work from home. While what seemed like a good break from the traditional 9-5, work from home brought its own challenges. With the increased working hours due to the lack of clear boundary between personal and professional life, work from home did not prove to be a relief like it was supposed to.

According to the CMR study, the average screen time for Indians increased to 25 per cent. And 23 per cent complained about weaker eyesight due to extended work hours.

Ayurveda is the ancient Indian science that works on creating a balance and treating the body in a holistic manner.

Following are the key Ayurvedic herbs and practices shared by Ritika Krit, Founder, Kamree that one can incorporate in their daily lives to decrease eye strain caused by electronics.

Icing or Sheeta Satmya: Consistent use of electronics produces heat in the eyes and makes eyelids dull and tired. To counter the effects of overwork, soak cotton balls in cool milk or rose water and place it on your eyes for a few minutes. The exercise will give much-awaited relief to the eyes.

Palm Exercise: Palm exercise, known as palming, is an ancient Ayurvedic technique to massage eyes and provide relaxation. Rub your arms together for 10 seconds and place it on your shut eyes in a cupping gesture. Remember not to put pressure on your eyes. Do the techniques 2-3 times as you inhale and exhale slowly. The Ayurvedic exercise provides relief to your eyes and is also helpful for a goodnights sleep.

Mudras: Mudras are simple hand gestures that are always defined as a healing modality. Most Mudras for better eye vision can be done lying down while breathing normally. Different Mudras have different effects on the body, and when combined with a breathing exercise, they can bring back balance in the body while strengthening all desired parts and healing them holistically.

One of the most common Mudra is Prana Mudra. In order to practice Prana Mudra, keep your spine erect and body relaxed with open palms placed on your lap. Join the tip of your pinky finger to ring the finger to the tip of your thumb and breathe normally for 15 minutes. The Mudra will promote healthy vision and heal irritable eyes.

Fennel Rich in Vitamin A and C, fennel is good to strengthen your eye vision. You can either consume it in the form of tea or wash your eyes with fennel water as it cooling for the eyes.

Triphala Three fruits Haritaki, Amla, and Bibhitaki make Triphala which balances the energies in the body and is a good source of antioxidants and Vitamin C, which reverses the signs of inflammation and oxidative stress.

The Ginkgo Biloba Native to China, Ginkgo Biloba is most effective in treating degrading eye vision.

Calendula Also known as Pot Marigold, calendula is an anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antibacterial herb that helps in treating eye conditions such as redness, swelling, mild irritations,

Almonds The most common ingredient to Indian households, almonds are a good source of Vitamin E, which promotes the growth of healthy tissues and great vision.

Splash water 3-5 times a day to active facial nerves and arteries.

Take a break from electronics during meals.

Practice calmness as anger and frustration can increase the flow of blood, which dilates pupils and causes eye strain. You can also exercise pranayama to bring more peace to your daily life.

Avoid hot water for showers which can cause the imbalance of fire elements in the body. Instead, use lukewarm water whenever necessary.

Wear preventive eyeglasses when using electronics to avoid direct contact with blue light.

Avoid reading or using electronics in a dark room.

Avoid rubbing your eyes harshly.

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Remedies to reduce eye strain while working from home - The Siasat Daily

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Chris McCausland: ‘I was diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa’ what is that? – Daily Express

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

After years of touring up and down the country, Chris McCausland played gigs at The Comedy Store and landed himself a role as Rudi on CBeebies show Me Too! where his character is also blind. The father-of-one said: "The makers of the show wanted the character to be blind. "But we all shared the desire to have storylines that didnt revolve around the things a blind person cant do."

Instead, the creative team focused on "normal stories where the character just happens to be blind".

Speaking candidly about his blindness, Chris told Disability Horizons: "My eyesight has deteriorated steadily throughout my whole life, with most of it going during my late teens.

"I was diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) early on, but over the years its been presented under all sorts of new and original names.

"From the rather dull and generic-sounding macular degeneration to the cool and groovy inverse cone-rod dystrophy."

READ MORE:Len Goodman health: Former Strictly Come Dancing judge's 'early warning' of ill health

The National Eye Institute warned that "early symptoms" of the condition include "decreased night vision" and loss of peripheral (i.e.) side vision.

As the condition progresses, people can expect to lose their sight.

The organisation explained that retinitis pigmentosa is a "group of rare, genetic disorders that involve a breakdown and loss of cells in the retina".

The retina is the light sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eyes.

Chris described his vision as "a load of blurry lights" so, at one point, he decided to gain assistance from a guide dog.

"It turns out that he wasnt very good," he said. "It was my first dog and so I didnt really have a frame of reference."

Chris quipped: "He used to take me wherever he wanted to go and didnt really listen to me. Maybe he was deaf, which would be ironic, I suppose."

He has, however, had better luck with assisted technology and access software, which he has been using for the "past 30 years".

"My wife is sighted, so that helps a lot," he admitted to Disability Horizons.

"I cant imagine how difficult being a mum must be if you are blind, or how difficult it must be if both parents are blind."

His daughter, Sophie, "really gets" that her father is blind, and is "very helpful".

"She will also sit through a film with audio description on, even though I know that it drives her a bit mad," Chris revealed.

Being a big hit with audiences, Chris has landed segments on a variety of comedy panel shows.

For instance, Chris has made appearances in Have I Got News For You, 8 Out of 10 Cats, and QI.

"Its such a laugh and so silly that I cant really believe I am being paid to have that much fun," he said.

Chris McCausland will now star on ITV's The Chase: Celebrity Special on Saturday, November 20 at 8.30pm.

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Chris McCausland: 'I was diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa' what is that? - Daily Express

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Uptick in vision problems among children could be due to screen time – Wink News

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

FORT MYERS

Doctors are seeing an uptick in vision problems among children they believe is fueled by tech.

Its part of a general trend, where eyesight is feeling the strain of too much screen time.

The American Optometric Association finds the number of people with vision problems has almost doubled. And its starting young.

Its a common occurrence, said Dr. James Doyle, a pediatric ophthalmologist with Lee Health. We see it frequently and were seeing it a little bit more frequently these days.

Doyle said nearsightedness is becoming much more common.

Nearsightedness is actually myopia, Doyle said. Youre in focus to things up close. You see things at near.

Parents and teachers are often first to pick up on the condition, noticing a change in the childs habits.

Many children will hold things closer because they can see them well, Doyle said. But if its constant and theyre losing interest in things in the distance, that may be an indication that theres a progression of myopia.

Doyle said it doesnt necessarily mean they still need glasses, a shift in attention may help alleviate the condition.

Studies out of Europe looked at differences between people who spent more time outdoors, focusing at a greater distance.

The people who were outside had a tendency to not progressing in myopia, and those inside had a greater degree of myopia. And that supports the concept of being outside and seeing outdoor and light helps prevent a progression of myopia, Doyle said.

Its an important reminder to log off and tune in to the world outside of the screen.

Its also worth repeating the 20-20-20 rule for screen time.

For every 20 minutes looking at a device, look away for 20 second and put your gaze at least 20 feet away.

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5th Graders help Pittsburg Lions Club improve vision for those in need Newstalk KZRG – newstalkkzrg.com

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

The Pittsburg Lions Club hosted its first annual Glasses from Classes: A Lions Club Challenge..

The eyeglasses recycling donation drive taught the importance of vision to fifth grade classes in USD 250 and gave the opportunity for those fifth graders to collect old, discarded eyeglasses and readers to be recycled through the Lions Club Recycling Program.

Fifth grade classes in Lakeside, George Nettles, and Westside chose to participate in the challenge and collectively raised over 280 pairs of glasses that will be recycled and distributed to those in need to improve their vision. Winning classes (taught by Ms. Burford from Lakeside and Ms. Penner from George Nettles) received an ice cream party.

The grand champion winning class (taught by Ms. Anderson from Westside) received a pizza and ice cream party. Party rewards were generously provided by sponsors of the campaign, Kannarr Eye Care, Heartland Vision Center, Paul Niegsch, O.D., and the Southeast Kansas Problem Gambling Task Force.

This campaign was a huge success for the eyeglasses recycling program and a great way to teach these fifth graders about the importance of taking care of your eyesight with proper vision screenings and exams, said Lori Horton, Pittsburg Lions Club President. With the generous support of our sponsors, we plan to make this an annual occurrence to bring the gift of improved vision to more of those in need and to educate and bring awareness to the community, Horton added.

A primary mission of the Lions Club is to prevent blindness and saving sight for millions of people around the world. Worthy programs and projects supported by the Lions Club include recycling eyeglasses, supporting Lions Eye Banks that provide eye tissue for sight-saving surgeries, screening the vision of hundreds of thousands of people every year, and providing treatment to those at risk of losing their vision.

Locally, the Pittsburg Lions Club collaborates with area doctors and provides scholarships to assist those in need of eye exams and glasses. Free visions assessment screenings are also available. Contact your Pittsburg Lions Club to request an application for someone in needpittsburglionsclub@gmail.comor 620-842-9326.

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5th Graders help Pittsburg Lions Club improve vision for those in need Newstalk KZRG - newstalkkzrg.com

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The Link Between Loneliness and Vision Impairment on Dementia – DocWire News

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

A study looked at the role of loneliness as a mediator between vision impairment and dementia. The results were presented at the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) 2021 annual meeting.

In this cross-sectional study, Ken Kitayama, MD, and colleagues, used 2018 Health and Retirement Survey (HRS) public use data to analyze a total of 5,538 individuals, including 81 (1.5%) who reported dementia. The exposure of interest was self-reported eyesight, and the key endpoint was defined as self-reported dementia. The investigators assessed responses indicating any level of loneliness to the question Yesterday, did you feel lonely?

According to the results, patients with poor eyesight had 3.6 times the odds of dementia compared to those with excellent eyesight (95% confidence interval, 1.5-8.9), controlling for age and sex. The researchers observed that the proportion of the total effect of eyesight on dementia mediated through loneliness was 7.2% (P= 0.02).

In the 2018 HRS population, loneliness accounted for a small but significant proportion of the effect of vision impairment on dementia, the researchers concluded. They added that more studies are needed to further examine this complex sociobiological relationship.

Source: Kitayama K, et al. Loneliness Mediates the Effect of Vision Impairment on Dementia. Poster 198. Published for AAO 2021; Nov. 12-15, 2021, New Orleans, LA.

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Lindsay Senior With Worsening Eyesight Urges Government And Optometrists To Resume OHIP Eye Care – Kawartha 411

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

KAWARTHA LAKES-68-year-old Tony Hodge spent 30 years driving back and forth from Lindsay to Toronto to work at the Campbells Soup Factory. Thats when his eyesight was good.

Now, Hodges glasses dont work as well as they used to and after the arm fell off he rigged up a straw to help keep them on. Hewas recently diagnosed with diabetes and says his doctor told him its important to have an eye exam to look for any sign of diabetic eye disease.

Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye problems that can affect people with diabetes. These conditions include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, cataracts, and glaucoma.Over time, diabetes can cause damage to your eyes that can lead to poor vision or even blindness.

So he was shocked when the optometrist called on Monday to cancel his appointment.

I guess it really hit home when they called and said it was cancelled. With the diabetes, its kind of frightening not to know whats going on, to be able to check and see if its impacting my eyes, which I know it is. Hodge told Kawartha 411 News.

Hodge says he can no longer enjoy his bird feeder because he cant see it properly, he lets his wife do the driving now, he has to sit within a few feet of the television to be able to watch it and when he is looking at people he cannot see them clearly.

Im worried about my eyes, not being able to tell if they are getting worse and not being able to confirm that and to see if I need new lenses.We need to get people back to work as soon as possible.

In March 2021, the Ontario Optometrists Association (OAO) announced that optometrists would be withdrawing services for OHIP-insured patients effective September 1, 2021. OHIP currently covers standard eye exams for those age 19 and younger, age 65 and older, and for those with specific medical conditions.

The OAO says after more than 30 years of underfunding, the government now covers an average of 55 per cent of the cost of an OHIP-insured eye exam, leaving optometrists clinics to absorb the other 45 percent. With more than four million services delivered annually under OHIP and clinics under severe financial strain, the system is no longer sustainable according to the OAO.

Government neglect has jeopardized access to eye care for those who need it most, undervaluing the eye health of Ontarians, said Dr. Sheldon Salaba, President of the Ontario Association of Optometrists (OAO).Optometrists are being fair and reasonable: we ask only that government commit to cover at least the cost of service delivery, and were giving them lots of notice to avoid any impact on patients.

Unlike other health care providers under OHIP, optometrists say they have never been given a formal negotiation process with the government. Despite multiple direct requests to the Minister of Health to address this chronic underfunding, the budget again ignored the dire warnings from eye care stakeholders of the impending crisis.

Vision is our most important sense, and our political leaders must help us protect it, said Dr. Salaba. After almost three years in office, its time for action from Premier Ford and Minister Elliott. They must ensure Ontarians continue to receive the quality eye care they depend on and deserve.

The Ontario government says it has tried to resolve the issues with the OAO

Our government has made every effort possible to lay the foundation for a long-term relationship with the Ontario Association of Optometrists, said Deputy Minister of Health Christine Elliott in September. This includes engaging a third-party mediator to assist us in reaching an agreement and offering a one-time lump sum payment as well as an immediate OHIP fee increase. This represents a significant and sustainable increase in todays highly-constrained fiscal environment.

In 1989 the Ontario government paid $39.15 for an eye exam. In 2021, 43 years later they pay an average of $44.65 Meanwhile in Alberta the government pays $137 per eye exam.The government has offered Ontario optometrists an 8.48% increase. For a seniors eye exam that would provide them with $51.00 but the OAO says still well under the next lowest-paid province of Manitoba.

Hodge says he has his own private insurance which would foot the bill but was told that isnt allowed.Provincial law prevents anyone from paying for any OHIP-insured service, even if you have alternate insurance or wish to pay independently for insurance.

As far as we know there are no negotiations taking place currently and none planned for the future.

I think they should get together have a meeting and get something set up for the seniors at least find a way around this for now, it just cant go on like this. says Hodge.

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Lindsay Senior With Worsening Eyesight Urges Government And Optometrists To Resume OHIP Eye Care - Kawartha 411

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Optometrist warns of the long-term effects drinking can have on your eyes – Daily Express

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

The impact of alcohol on vision and broader health can extend beyond what we feel in the moment.The blurred and double vision characteristic to drunkenness happens because the alcohol slows the communication between the eyes and the brain.Lesser known is the impairment to colour vision.Specific shades of colour become more difficult to differentiate when under the influence.

Lenstores expert optometrist Roshni Patel explained: Longer-term effects of excessive drinking can cause more serious problems, including a decreased peripheral vision as well as decline in your overall sight, chronic dry eye disease, and can even see you develop eye conditions such as cataracts and AMD (age-related degeneration).

Twitching and dryness of the eyes can result in discomfort if left without treatment.

Alcohol consumption is also associated with a great many short term risks.

Drinking is often associated with vehicle crashes, violence, and sexual risk behaviour.

When taken in moderation, the harm can be avoided or minimised.

Alcohol does the most harm to our body when taken in binges.

For this reason there are two key points of advice: to track your consumption and establish a reasonable pace where you can enjoy the buzz without becoming intoxicated.

There are helpful methods for controlling our alcohol intake that can help us to pace ourselves and track our units.

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These range from using mobile apps that count alcohol units and how quickly we drink, with multiple apps able to convert between different forms of alcohol and warn you when you are going over the limits you set for yourself.

Other methods take the form of life hacks like buying your own drinks when with friends instead or ordering rounds.

We all react differently to various levels of alcohol consumption so its important to consider what your own recommended units are.

It is also important to eat well before drinking, and remember to stay hydrated throughout.

Alcohol can also be very dense in calories, meaning that people looking to improve their diets and fitness can often benefit from cutting back.

Scientific research that previously argued in favour of mild to moderate alcohol consumption has also been contested by new scientific evidence.

The American Centre for Disease Control states: While some studies have found improved health outcomes among moderate drinkers, its impossible to conclude whether these improved outcomes are due to alcohol consumption or other differences in behaviours or genetics.

The recommended threshold set by the CDC is two units for a man and one for a woman.

Many alcoholic support services have seen an increase in patients during the coronavirus pandemic.

Alcoholism can both result in and result from poor states of mental health.

If you or someone you know is struggling with alcohol, you can find NHS supported services in your area or receive anonymous support from trained advisors online or over the phone.

Common warning signs of alcoholism include a lack of interest or enjoyment in other activities and needing to drink increasing amounts to achieve the same effect.

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Optometrist warns of the long-term effects drinking can have on your eyes - Daily Express

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Horizon Therapeutics Recognizes Second Annual Thyroid Eye Disease (TED) Awareness Week with New Educational and Community Building Initiative -…

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Horizon Therapeutics plc (Nasdaq: HZNP) today announced its support of Thyroid Eye Disease (TED) Awareness Week through the launch of new educational resources designed to help people IdentifEYE TED, with a focus on symptoms, risks and where to seek care. In its second year, TED Awareness Week (Nov. 14 - Nov. 20) brings much-needed attention to this serious, progressive and potentially vision-threatening rare autoimmune disease that is often misdiagnosed for more common conditions.1

TED Awareness Week was first established in 2020 through a shared commitment from Horizon Therapeutics and patient advocacy organizations including the Autoimmune Association (formerly American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association, or AARDA), the Alliance for Eye and Vision Research (AEVR), the Graves Disease and Thyroid Foundation (GDATF) and Prevent Blindness. This year, several states including California, Arizona, Massachusetts, New York and Illinois are officially recognizing TED Awareness Week by adopting state resolutions or issuing proclamations. Signaling the growing need for increased public education about this physically and emotionally debilitating disease, state level recognition of TED Awareness Week invites more community involvement and support for people and families affected by TED.

My journey to diagnosis with Thyroid Eye Disease was long and frustrating, as it can be for many people, said Gail S., patient advocate living with TED. I was told my eye symptoms were just part of my Graves disease, but it wasnt until I saw a TED Specialist that I learned it was actually Thyroid Eye Disease. The more we can do to help people quickly recognize the symptoms, the faster they can get help.

For TED Awareness Week 2021, Horizon is launching IdentifEYE TED, an educational campaign designed to help people promptly identify the signs and symptoms of TED. Activities will include:

Weve learned so much from the Thyroid Eye Disease community over the past few years and have become acutely aware of the challenges for people and their families both physical and emotional that come with the condition, said Tim Walbert, chairman, president and chief executive officer, Horizon. Were incredibly proud to continue working with the TED and advocacy communities on this effort to expand Thyroid Eye Disease Awareness Week in its second year to help people recognize Thyroid Eye Disease more quickly, locate a specialist, and get the care they need.

Up to 50% of people living with Graves disease may develop TED; however, TED is a separate disease requiring separate treatment.2,3,4 Symptoms include eye grittiness, redness, swelling and pain, light sensitivity, eye bulging and double vision. 2,3 Symptoms of TED can often be misdiagnosed or confused for other diseases, resulting in delayed diagnosis and treatment. For those with Graves disease or other thyroid conditions, its important to pay close attention to your eyes. At the first sign of any changes, contact a TED Specialist, such as an oculoplastic surgeon or neuro-ophthalmologist. If not treated early, TED can cause serious damage to vision and appearance of the eyes.

To learn more about TED and find a TED Eye Specialist, visit FOCUSonTED.com, and Autoimmune Association (formerly AARDA), AEVR, GDATF and Prevent Blindness for more information.

About Thyroid Eye Disease (TED)TED is a serious, progressive and potentially vision-threatening rare autoimmune disease.1 While TED often occurs in people living with hyperthyroidism or Graves disease, it is a distinct disease that is caused by autoantibodies activating an IGF-1R-mediated signaling complex on cells within the retro-orbital space.5,6 This leads to a cascade of negative effects, which may cause long-term damage to the eyes. As TED progresses, the serious damage it can cause includes proptosis (eye building), strabismus (misalignment of the eyes) and diplopia (double vision) and in some cases, can lead to blindness.7,8 Additional information on TED can be found at ThyroidEyes.com.

About Autoimmune Association (Formerly AARDA)The Autoimmune Association is the worlds leading nonprofit organization dedicated to autoimmune advocacy, awareness, education, and research. Its mission is to lead the fight against autoimmune disease by collaborating to improve healthcare, advance research, and support the community through every step of the journey. For more information, visit http://www.autoimmune.org. Follow on social media: Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram, and YouTube.

About AEVRThe Alliance for Eye and Vision Research (AEVR), a 501(c)3 non-profit foundation, conducts sustained educational efforts about the value of federally funded vision research primarily through its Congressionally recognized Decade of Vision (DOV) 2010-2020 Initiative. Within the DOV, AEVR conducts Congressional Briefings, including a November 19, 2020, virtual global Briefing that recognizes the first annual TED Awareness Week. Visit the Web site at http://www.eyeresearch.org.

About the Graves Disease and Thyroid FoundationThe Graves Disease and Thyroid Foundation (GDATF) is the leading source of help and hope for people with Graves disease and other thyroid related disorders. The organization provides education and support for patients, family members, caregivers, friends and healthcare professionals. GDATF has helped thousands of patients better understand the symptoms and treatment programs for Graves' disease. The Foundation is a 501 C(3) tax-exempt non-profit international charitable organization. For more information, visit http://www.GDATF.org and find us on Twitter (@GDATF), Facebook and Instagram.

About Prevent BlindnessFounded in 1908, Prevent Blindness is the nation's leading volunteer eye health and safety organization dedicated to fighting blindness and saving sight. Focused on promoting a continuum of vision care, Prevent Blindness touches the lives of millions of people each year through public and professional education, advocacy and empowerment, vision screening certification, community and patient service programs, and support for research. These services are made possible through the generous support of the American public. Together with a network of affiliates, Prevent Blindness is committed to eliminating preventable blindness in America. For more information, visit us at preventblindness.org, and follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, LinkedIn and YouTube.

About HorizonHorizon is focused on the discovery, development and commercialization of medicines that address critical needs for people impacted by rare, autoimmune and severe inflammatory diseases. Our pipeline is purposeful: we apply scientific expertise and courage to bring clinically meaningful therapies to patients. We believe science and compassion must work together to transform lives. For more information on how we go to incredible lengths to impact lives, please visit http://www.horizontherapeutics.com and follow us on Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram and Facebook.

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Jumping spiders: Facts about the cutest arachnids on the planet – Livescience.com

Sunday, November 21st, 2021

Ever seen a teeny, furry spider scampering across the floor? There's a good chance you've glimpsed a jumping spider.

Jumping spiders are the largest family of spiders, with more than 6,380 species identified by science, according to the World Spider Catalog. The scientific name for the jumping spider family is Salticidae. With so many species, it's no surprise that jumping spiders vary widely in appearance, habitat and preferred prey. The largest, Hyllus giganteus, can be 0.98 inches (2.5 centimeters) in length, while smaller species, like the colorful Habronattus pyrrithrix, range from 0.19 to 0.3 inches (5 to 8 millimeters) in length.

But what jumping spiders do have in common is their impressive eyesight. These arachnids always have four pairs of eyes, including a large, forward-facing principle pair that make the spiders look rather Muppet-like and cute. These large eyes make jumping spiders a standout among spiders.

"They make their living on foot," said Nathan Morehouse, a biologist at the University of Cincinnati who studies jumping spider vision. "They have to stalk and jump to capture their prey. To do all of that, they need really exceptional vision. And their vision, depending on how you measure it, is the best for anything as small as they are."

Jumping spiders are a diverse bunch. Some are drab, while others sport a dazzling array of colors and patterns, from the blue, red and yellow abdomen of the peacock spider (Maratus volans) to the black-and-white stripes of the zebra spider (Salticus scenicus). Saitis barbipes, a European species of jumping spider, sports a red "headband" of coloration and similarly hued stripes on its third pair of legs. Bagheera kiplingi, found in Central America, is striped with a brilliant emerald green. In many species, males are colorful, while females are often more drab.

Jumping spiders do have a few things in common. They're usually small, often 0.5 inches (12.7 mm) or less in length. They're often fuzzy. And they're distinguishable by their distinct eye pattern of four pairs of eyes, in which the large middle pair sits close together at the front of the face. The face is fairly flat.

Jumping spider eyes are, in a word, incredible. The spiders, despite their tiny size, are better at seeing patterns than elephants are, Morehouse told Live Science. Their pair of central eyes, known as the principle eyes, are almost like a pair of tiny binoculars: They have a large outer lens, then a smaller inner lens that magnifies the image from the outer lens and projects it onto the retina. The spiders are also unusual in that they have muscles attached directly to their retinas. That means they can move retinas up and down, side to side, focusing on different segments of the world without a hint of movement on the outside, Morehouse said a handy ability for a hunter. Meanwhile, the spiders' secondary pairs of eyes are less acute, but they provide crucial peripheral vision, Live Science previously reported.

Most species of jumping spider can see ultraviolet light and blues and greens. Some species, though, have evolved special tricks to expand their color vision. These, Morehouse said, tend to be the flashier species, such as the paradise jumping spiders (genus Habbernatus), which are often decorated in shades of red and orange. In some species, a random genetic mutation has introduced an extra copy of the gene that makes the proteins that allow for blue/green vision. This extra copy has then acquired mutations capable of detecting red and orange. Similar mutations allowed primates to develop color vision, Morehouse said.

JUMPING SPIDER TAXONOMY

Kingdom: AnimaliaSubkingdom: BilateriaInfrakingdom: ProtostomiaSuperphylum: EcdysozoaPhylum: ArthropodaSubphylum: ChelicerataClass: ArachnidaOrder: AraneaeFamily: Salticidae

Other jumping spiders have hacked color vision by developing pigments that sit in front of their blue/green color receptors. These pigments let only red wavelengths of light through. Though the receptors aren't most sensitive to these wavelengths of light, they react to the stimulus anyway, cuing in the spider that red or orange is present. Birds and reptiles often use this strategy to expand their color vision.

Jumping spiders can also see depth, in a "totally unusual" way, Morehouse said. According to 2012 research, the spiders use something called "depth via image defocus." Here's how it works: Jumping spiders' retinas have four layers of photoreceptors. Because different colors of light have different wavelengths, each layer catches a different color of light in precise focus. In a jumping spider retina, the bottom two layers are both chock-full of green color receptors. But green light that hits one of those layers perfectly in focus will appear a teensy bit blurred on the other layer, and vice versa. The 2012 research found that the spiders use this difference in focus to detect depth.

Jumping spiders are found all over the world, with the exception of Antarctica. They live in tropical forests, temperate forests, grasslands, scrublands and even deserts, where you might find the red-abdomened species Phidippus californicus hanging out on a shrub. They prefer outdoor habitats, but if they find themselves indoors, they'll often set up shop near a window or door, where there is more chance of catching prey, according to the National Pest Management Association.

Jumping spiders can live up to their name. These spiders don't hunt by snaring prey in a web, but rather they stalk their quarry and then leap. Despite their tiny body size, jumping spiders can leap up to 6.3 inches (160 mm), according to a 2018 paper in the journal Scientific Reports. The spiders often spin a little silk and set a thread-like "anchor" before they leap, which may help stabilize their flight and protect them in case their landing is off. Jumping spiders most often jump to catch their prey, but sometimes leap to flee danger. They can also be quite clever: Researchers in the 2018 study actually trained a jumping spider (Phidippus regius) to leap from platform to platform. They named the spider Kim.

Jumping spiders are carnivores. They typically eat small insects and other spiders their size or smaller. Some species punch about their weight, though. Many jumping spiders are good at snagging flies as prey, earning them the nickname "fly tigers," according to the University of Florida. The regal jumping spider (the same species as Kim) has been observed eating lizards and frogs two to three times its weight, according to research published in 2017 in the Journal of Arachnology.

When it comes to diet, the strangest jumping spider is likely Bagheera kiplingi. This Central American spider specializes in noshing on the leaf-tips of acacia bushes, making it a rare example of a spider that eats its vegetables.

Mating is serious business for jumping spiders. In many species, males flash their brilliant colors and shimmy in elaborate courtship displays. The peacock spider, for instance, flips up its colorful abdomen and thrusts a pair of legs in the air like a music-video backup dancer, Live Science reported. Research suggests that male spiders will try these displays out on any female jumping spider they come across, regardless of species; this seems to be a way to maximize the chances of mating with the right female while keeping some distance to avoid being cannibalized by a hungry female of the wrong species. The display isn't only about looks. Research from 2005 showed that in some species of jumping spider, the vibrations from the males' dances are also crucial to keeping the females interested. The males drum on the ground, rub body parts together and vibrate their whole beings to "sing" to potential mates, said Damian Elias, who studies jumping spider mating behavior and communication at the University of California, Berkeley.

"I liken it to a one-man band," Elias told Live Science.

Elias and his colleagues are trying to understand why jumping spiders "turn everything up to 11" in the mating game, he said. The spiders' great vision, rare in the arachnid world, might be one reason, he said. Another is that jumping spiders are a lot more active than many spider species, which hang out in webbing and watch the world go by.

"They are encountering a lot more habitats than a typical spider," Elias said. "That's probably a reason they've had to evolve such a variety of things."

When a female shows interest, the male spider uses specialized appendages called pedipalps to transfer over a packet of sperm and webbing to a specialized pocket called an epigynum in the female. Females lay clutches of more than 100 eggs, which they protect with a cocoon of webbing and guard until hatching, according to BugGuide, a site run by Iowa State University. Some species mate multiple times, with the female choosing which sperm to use to fertilize her eggs after collecting several options. Others mate only once.

Jumping spiders have venom that they use to subdue their insect and spider prey. They very rarely bite humans, however, and will only do so if they are being hurt or crushed, according to the University of California, Irvine. Bites typically cause no symptoms, or they may cause a temporary, mosquito-bite-type welt.

Originally published on Live Science.

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Need a Boost on Your Eye Exam? Study Provides Early Evidence that Cocoa Sharpens Vision for Adults with Healthy Eyes – One Green Planet

Wednesday, July 21st, 2021

The Journal of Functional Foods published a recent study demonstrating that, if adults have healthy eyes, cocoa may help to increase their visual acuity. The study assessed thirty-seven young adults with healthy eyes. Over three visits to the Faculty of Optics and Optometry, the participants drank either (1) a glass of milk, (2) a drink with red-berries, or (3) a drink with cocoa. Then, during each visit, they took a series of tests to check their vision and their eyes ability to adjust to the dark.

Why cocoa and red-berries? Both foods are good sources of polyphenols. Polyphenols are non-nutrient food components that have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and vasoactive properties associated with protection against cardiovascular and neurological conditions. Other recent research has also suggested that dark chocolate, which contains polyphenols, can improve visual acuity.

Supporting this prior research, the study found that participants who drank cocoa were significantly better at reading eye charts. Participants who drank the red-berries also trended towards performing better on their vision tests, but the trend was not significant. There was no evidence that either cocoa or red-berries helped participants eyes to adjust to the dark.

More research is needed to determine why cocoa improved visual acuity. Researchers confirmed (yes, through urine samples) that participants polyphenol levels rose after drinking both red-berries and cocoa. Participants who drank cocoa also showed higher levels of theobromine. And cocoa, of course, also has caffeine. Based on these findings, the researchers speculate that polyphenol, coupled with theobromine and/or caffeine, is responsible for the improvement in visual acuity.

The best part of the study? Since researchers gave participants only one cup of cocoa (rather than force-feeding participants ten cups to get results . . . Im sure it happens), the study appears to have real-world implications. If youre an adult with healthy eyes, a cup of cocoa just may sharpen your vision. (And you may be able to cheat on your next eye exam.)

Read more about eye health in One Green Planet, including plant nutrients that can help eye health as well as veggies and plant-based recipes to improve eyesight.

Eating more plant-based foods is known to help with chronic inflammation, heart health, mental wellbeing, fitness goals, nutritional needs, allergies, gut health, and more! Dairy consumption also has been linked to many health problems, including acne, hormonal imbalance, cancer, prostate cancer, and many otherside effects.

Interested in joining the dairy-free and meatless train? We highly recommend downloading the Food Monster App with over 15,000 delicious recipes it is the largest plant-based recipe resource to help reduce your environmental footprint, save animals, and get healthy! And, while you are at it, we encourage you to also learn about the environmental and health benefits of a plant-based diet.

For more Animal, Earth, Life, Vegan Food, Health, and Recipe content published daily, subscribe to the One Green Planet Newsletter! Lastly, being publicly-funded gives us a greater chance to continue providing you with high-quality content. Please consider supporting us by donating!

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How to Use Your iPhone to Check Eyesight and Renew Your Prescription – TechTheLead

Wednesday, July 21st, 2021

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Want to quickly renew your prescription or check your vision without visiting the doctor? Theres a way to do so now. It involves your iPhone, a fun app, and of course, a test.

The Virtual Vision Test is the new version of Warby Parkers Prescription Check app. It allows any prescription glasses wearer to quickly eliminate all doubts regarding their worsening vision.

All someone needs to do is download the iOS app and take the test in a quiet, well-lit space. Of course, that is if they already have on hand their current glasses or contacts, as well as a copy of the current prescription.

Reframd Eyewear Digitally Creates Your Frames To Fit Your Face

From about 10 feet away, users will be able to take the well-known vision test only in the comfort of their own home, this time. While the process avoids a visit to the doctors office, it doesnt exclude medical staff completely from the equation. Users will still need to validate the results of the test with an eye doctor.

If the results indicate good vision, then a $15 fee will be charged for a prescription renewal.

Bose Brings 3 New Audio Sunglasses with Speakers Built-in

If not, users will receive a recommendation to visit their doctor. And theres one more thing to take into account; the app will work only for people between 18-65 years old who have a single-vision distance prescription and no chronic eye diseases or who are under treatment.

Will there soon be an equivalent Android app? The company is considering it but the OS would need something similar to iOS Vision Framework for it to function.

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10 foods that are good for kids’ eyesight – Free Press Journal

Wednesday, July 21st, 2021

The coronavirus pandemic has been hard on all of us especially with the damage the disease has done to our physical and mental health, and the way we lived our life, in general. Everyone is restricted to their houses and are experiencing increased screen time due to online classes and work from home. Even the time that used to be spent doing other things is now being spent in front of a TV, or on the mobile phone.

As parents, we often worry about our childrens nutrition. Screen time has always been a worrisome subject, especially with the new generation, as the use of tablets, laptops, TV, and phones has gone up among children. According to reports, eye-specialist consultations have gone up during the lockdown due to increased screen time. However, the diet that your child consumes can play an important role in keeping his/her eyes healthy. There are 10 things that we can ensure our child is consuming on a regular basis for their healthy eyes.

Carrots: Carrots are rich in vitamin A (also known as retinol) in the form of beta carotene which is key in maintaining good eye health and by extension, eyesight.

Leafy greens: Spinach and other leafy greens hold the iconic antioxidant duo - lutein and zeaxanthin; two important plant-pigments key in maintaining good eye health. Theyre also highly effective in preventing serious eye conditions, like cataracts and age-related macular degeneration.

Omega 3: Omega 3 plays an important role in eye health throughout our lives. The DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) part of omega 3 is key in eye development for children, and for maintaining healthy eyes as adults. Chia seeds, flax seeds and walnuts are good plant-based sources of Omega 3.

Bell peppers: Bell peppers give you the most vitamin C per calorie. That's good for the blood vessels in your eyes, and science suggests it could lower your risk of getting cataracts. Red coloured peppers also pack eye-friendly vitamins A and E apart from many immunity boosting properties.

Sweet potatoes: Sweet potatoes are rich in vitamin A, beta-carotene, potassium, and fiber, just like carrots, so they're also good for your eye health.

Fresh Pineapple: Pineapples contain vitamin C, i.e. an antioxidant that can inhibit lens oxidation and prevent cataracts.

Dried apricot: Dried Apricots are particularly beneficial to eye health because they contain vitamins A, C and E and carotenoids, which serve to absorb damaging blue and near-ultraviolet light in order to protect the retina part of the eye.

Okra/Bhindi: Okra / Bhindi contains vitamin A content which keeps your eyes and optic nerve safe. Hence, it keeps your eyesight good. Vitamin A is also a potent antioxidant vitamin which plays an important role in reducing the impact of free radicals and is even associated with reduced cataract development.

Broccoli: Broccoli is packed full of lutein and zeaxanthin. These are two of the most important nutrients that your eyes can have because of the ability to prevent oxidation of the retina and age-related degeneration. There is also an antioxidant that is found in broccoli that may prevent blindness called sulforaphane.

Purple Cabbage: Vitamin A in purple cabbage makes the eyes healthy and improves vision. It also reduces the risk of macular degeneration and cataract. The nutrients in the vegetable keep the eyes healthy even during old age.

When it comes to creating good health and good eyes, right nutrition is of utmost importance. And the best part of eating right is that it also helps in overall growth and development of our children. Needless to say, that even the immunity of our children heavily depends on the right nutrition that they consume after all 85% of our immunity lies in our gut.

(Karan Kakkad is a Disease Reversal expert based in India. He is the Founder & CEO of Reverse Factor. To know more call 8100550660 or visitwww.reversefactor.in)

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Reduce Eye Strain While Working From Home: Ayurveda Remedies To Deal With Computer Vision Syndrome – TheHealthSite

Wednesday, July 21st, 2021

A senior Ayurveda expert with The Art of Living's Sri Sri Tattva Panchakarma shares a few tips to boost vision health while working from home.

Written by Jahnavi Sarma | Updated : July 16, 2021 1:41 PM IST

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, today, many people are working from home. In fact, according to a survey conducted by a Chennai-based firm, almost 95 per cent of Indian firms are planning to allow their employees to continue working from home for the next 2 years. Now, as we all know, this means spending long hours staring at a computer screen. According to a CMR study, the average screen time for Indians shot up by 25 per cent to up to 6.5 hours last year and as many as 23 per cent respondents complained of weaker eyesight owing to increased screen time, cataract and other age-related vision problems. But the numbers are likely to be much worse this year as people continued to use their devices for work, school and social networking during the pandemic. In this article, we share some very useful tips and home remedies for reducing eye strain and maintaining eye health by Dr. Champavathi, senior Ayurveda expert with The Art of Living's Sri Sri Tattva Panchakarma.

As we stay glued to our tablets and smart phones, laptops and television sets ever since the lockdowns began, prolonged exposure to blue light emitted from these devices can result in repetitive strain to the eyes. Our eyes are the fastest and the most active muscle in the human body. We know yoga, an hour of brisk walk or lifting free weights in the gym can strengthen our muscles, support cardiovascular health and improve blood circulation. But what about the eyes? Often, we tend to neglect eye health unless we notice that there is something really wrong with our vision.

Studies suggest that 50 per cent to 90 per cent of people who work on the computer screen show symptoms of computer vision syndrome (CVS) also known as digital eye strain. The screen forces the eye to focus and refocus all the time causing headaches, dry red eyes, constant itching, tearing and blurred vision. Overtime, the constant flickering and glare from the screen make your eyes work harder causing damage to the eye muscle. Normally, in a minute, we blink about 16 to 18 times. But when you read or stare at the screen, you tend to blink only about 8-10 times. Why is blinking so important? Dr. Champavathi says that when we blink, tears spread over the cornea. Tears contain certain proteins that provide the much-required nourishment for the eye. Intermittent blinking also provides rest to the macular- a part of the retina responsible for our central vision.

Exposure to environment-related irritants like pollen, air pollution, temperature variations and ultraviolet radiations are hazardous for healthy vision. Poor lifestyle habits like consumption of junk food or a high fat diet, alcohol, tobacco and prolonged exposure to bright light quickens the pace of decline in eye health. A habit like smoking, for example, can reduce night vision and leads to degenerative eye problems at an early age, sometimes as early as 28.

Ayurveda-based home remedies and tips can naturally nourish the eye. Dr. Champavathi shares a few tips here.

This is an ancient technique in Ayurveda that provides instant relaxation to the eyes, keeping them away from all light stimuli. First, rub your palms vigorously. Close your eyes and place the warm palms on your eyes. Make sure your palms are cupped so you don't add pressure to your eyeball. Take a slow deep breath in and exhale from your nose. Do this for about 2 to 3 minutes. The best time to practice palming is before bedtime. It will also enhance sleep quality.

Ice is considered to be sheeta satmya in Ayurveda. To counteract the effect of excessive heat in the eye, soak cotton balls or a piece of gauze in milk/rose water and place them on your eye lids for about 5 minutes. This will immediately relieve the eye of any strain.

Of the great elements that matter is made of, the eye is related to light and fire. So, to maintain good eye health, Ayurveda recommends that water used for bathing should not be too hot or too cold but lukewarm. Bathing in hot water causes an imbalance in the fire element.

These are very simple hand gestures and, to practice them, you need not sit in lotus position and meditate upon them (though meditating and pranayamas with mudras is extremely effective). You can practice most Mudras lying down or sitting. But even with normal breath, you will see the results. Mudras are defined as healing modality in oriental systems of wellness. It is made by bringing the tips of the fingers in contact with each other in specific formations to give the desired result. When practiced along with breathing exercises, it increase the flow of life force in the body, leaving you energized and relaxed with just a few minutes of practice.

Keep your spine erect, body relaxed and keep your palms open on your lap before closing your eyes. Gently join the tip of your little finger and ring finger to the tip of your thumb and straighten your other fingers. Breathe normally. Practice this Prana Mudra regularly for about 15 minutes. It helps improve vision and heals eye irritation.

Splash tap water about 3-5 times on the eye to activate the facial arteries and nerves.

Create positive changes in your life by breaking a habit that can unnecessarily create more strain for your eyes. Take off your glasses during mealtime or when you are in conversation with a friend. Spectacle is not a treatment, it is an aid.

Interestingly, Ayurveda connects anger and frustration with eyesight. Anger as an emotion is said to release adrenaline to our blood which dilates the pupil and allows more light to enter the eye than is ideal. So, managing your anger issues can also help reduce eye strain. Take a few slow deep breaths or try and diffuse that temper with humor. You can also practice pranayama such as alternate nostril breathing to calm down the nervous system.

Here's a checklist shared by Dr. Champavathi. Make sure you tick off items from the list before you begin your day.

Eye diseases do not come with a warning sign. Symptoms usually appear suddenly and worsen rapidly. People with diabetic retinopathy or glaucoma may not even notice vision problem in its infancy. Sudden blurriness or trouble seeing colors and fine details are signs of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Eventually some of these diseases can even cause blindness.

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Prevent Blindness Holds ‘Focus on Eye Health’ National Summit – InvisionMag

Wednesday, July 21st, 2021

(PRESS RELEASE) CHICAGO, IL Prevent Blindness, the nations oldest volunteer eye health and safety organization, held the 10th annual Prevent Blindness Focus on Eye Health National Summit as a virtual event on July 14 and 15, 2021. This years Summit included a variety of presentations and discussions related to the theme, Our Changing Vision with more than 1,000 registered attendees.

In addition to a wide variety of presentations and moderated discussions, the Summit provided attendees with the opportunity to visit virtual booths of event sponsors, as well as chat and network with fellow attendees and presenters.

Michael F. Chiang, M.D., director of the National Eye Institute (NEI) at the National Institutes of Health kicked off the Summit as the keynote speaker with his presentation Eliminating Blindness & Improving Quality of Life through Vision. Amy Dixon, paralympic athlete and president of Glaucoma Eyes International, and Ross C. Brownson, PhD, Lipstein Distinguished Professor of Public Health at Washington University in St. Louis, served as keynote speakers the following day.

Additional presenters included:

Moderated discussions included Myopia: A Global Health Challenge, Inequities in Vision Population Health Research, Barriers to Care in the Covid-era, Social Determinants of Vision and Health as it Relates to Learning, Emerging Telehealth and Artificial Intelligence Policy, Improving Vision Health Equity through Workforce Diversity, Aging Eye and Vision, Innovations in Vision and Eye Health: Highlights from State-level Practices, Systems, and Policies, The Importance of the Patient Advocate in Vision Health, and Vision and Eye Health Surveillance System: Using National, State, and County-level Prevalence Data.

During the event, Prevent Blindness formally presented the 2021 Jenny Pomeroy Award for Excellence in Vision and Public Health to R.V. Paul Chan, MD, MSc, MBA, FACS, Professor and Head, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, the John H. Panton, MD Professor of Ophthalmology, Director, Pediatric Retina and ROP Service at the Illinois Eye and Ear Infirmary, University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC). And, Ms. Shervonne Poleon, Vision Science Graduate Program student, University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), was presented with the second annual Rising Visionary Award.

Copies of presentations and webinar recordings are now available at preventblindness.org/eyesummit-2021-agenda-presentations.

Genentech, Horizon Therapeutics and PhRMA, served as the 10th Annual Focus on Eye Health National Summit Platinum Sponsors. Gold sponsors were Alcon, Biogen, Center for Vision and Population Health at Prevent Blindness, The EyeSight Foundation of Alabama, National Center for Childrens Vision and Eye Health at Prevent Blindness, Novartis, Regeneron and the Seva Foundation.

Silver sponsors included Alliance for Eye and Vision Research (AEVR), American Optometric Association, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO), American Society of Retina Specialists, Bausch+Lomb, BrightFocus Foundation, CooperVision, Foundation Fighting Blindness, Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, National Industries for the Blind, National Keratoconus Foundation, Patient Access Network (PAN) Foundation, Research to Prevent Blindness, Santen, School Health, Vision 2020 USA and VisionServe Alliance.

Over the last ten years, The Focus on Eye Health National Summit has grown to be one of the premier events in the vision and public health industry as well as expanded to reach participants in more than 60 countries across the globe, said Jeff Todd, president and CEO of Prevent Blindness. We thank our generous sponsors, engaging presenters and moderators, and all of those who attended to help make the 2021 Focus on Eye Health National Summit a great success.

For more information about the 2021 Prevent Blindness Focus on Eye Health National Summit, visit http://www.preventblindness.org/eyesummit.

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Eye problems on the rise in India amid Covid-19 pandemic – Free Press Journal

Wednesday, July 21st, 2021

A recent media report, quoting a survey collated by the UK-based Feel-Good Contacts, reported that Indians suffered maximum damage to eyesight globally due to increased screen time as education, work and entertainment moved online because of coronavirus-induced lockdowns.

The survey said that as many as 27.5 crore Indians, or nearly 23% of the population, saw their eyesight weakening because of excessive screen time, even though other factors such as cataract, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration also impacted the eyesight.

The report noted that lockdowns and social distancing had been major contributors to the growth in screen time as people stayed locked at home for long periods.

Alarming? Yes. Surprising? No. Heres why. Several studies, including those by Lancet Global Health and the World Health Organisation, have put Indians at a huge risk of diabetes and glaucoma-induced vision problems, including complete blindness.

That India is a world capital of diabetes is a sad and known fact; what we Indians still havent realised is the many complications we have to deal with because of the burgeoning cases of diabetes in the country.

Losing vision

Human aspirations drive the world economy. Every person aspires to own a house, a vehicle, and the basic necessities that our ancestors considered a luxury. Modern times are such that aspirations keep growing. A bigger car, a better phone, a holiday home, foreign holiday, bigger and smarter TVs the list keeps growing.

In the middle of this race to give ourselves a better life, are we able to manage our finances to tackle medical emergencies? Are we every month keeping aside a portion of our incomes to prevent ailments? Most Indian middle-class and lower middle-class households end up in a medical poverty trap when confronted with a life-threatening ailment.

Why preventive healthcare?

The primary factors for vision problems among Indians are 1: Diabetic retinopathy; 2: AMD or age-related macular degeneration including cataract; 3: UV light; 4: Blue light.

As in the case of UV light, sunlight is the main source of blue light. But there are also man-made, indoor sources of blue light, including fluorescent and LED lighting and flat-screen TVs. Most notably, the display screens of computers, electronic notebooks, smartphones and other digital devices emit significant amounts of blue light.

In all four factors, preventive healthcare and use of natural products can prevent and reverse vision damage. Medical science has enough evidence that Type 2 Diabetes the main cause of diabetic retinopathy is almost always preventable even in families with a history of the disease through exercise and right food choices.

It is important to quote here a report prepared by the Lancet Global Health Commission on global eye health. Titled Global Eye Health: Vision Beyond 2020, the report said that last year (2020), an estimated 596 million people worldwide had distance vision impairment and a further 510 million had uncorrected near vision impairment.

Most of these people live in low-income and middle-income countries (India comes under this category). The report further said that the global prevalance of diabetes, the main cause of vision impairment, had tripled in the past 20 years.

The increase, mainly in Type 2 Diabetes, is attributed to dietary and lifestyle changes related to urbanisation, population growth, and increasing life expectancy. It further said that almost everyone will experience impaired vision or an eye condition during their lifetime and require eye care services.

Catch them young

While households can immediately start investing in preventive healthcare and the nutra companies will surely take steps to bring in the best and the safest products to every home, the Government of India must, without any further delay, introduce preventive healthcare in school curriculums.

Let me give you an example of an initiative we had undertaken in rural Karnataka which involved families of around 1,500 farmers as part of corporate social responsibility activities. In one of our surveys we found in a particular village most kids suffering from dysentery. Further investigation revealed the main cause of the problem was due to lack of proper hygiene such as not washing of hands.

We organised a camp that solely focused on children, where more than 500 kids were taught to wash hands in a correct way, and frequently. These children, in turn, got their parents and other family members to follow the hygiene protocols and soon enough, the cases of dysentery in the village came down to nil.

The Government of India and the education sector need to show vision here, pun intended. The ideal way to create a healthy society is to create and invest in preventive healthcare system, and for that to happen, the beginning must be from the school classrooms.

Remember how Apple founder Steve Jobs in 1982 created the Kids Cant Wait programme and donated a computer to each of around 9,000 elementary and secondary schools in California. And the rest, as they say, is history.

It will be downright stupid of we as a nation to let the people of India continue to suffer from vision problems even after knowing that there are tools available to prevent and reverse some of the damage.

(Sanjaya Mariwala is Executive Chairman & Managing Director for OmniActive Health Technologies.)

See the rest here:
Eye problems on the rise in India amid Covid-19 pandemic - Free Press Journal

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Sean Moncrieff: I felt useless, frustrated and guilty after my operation – The Irish Times

Wednesday, July 21st, 2021

As I may have mentioned 18 or 19 times before, I had cataract surgery a couple of months ago; and just as that was completed, I was able to register for the vaccine. So, to give the whole thing a narrative completeness, the day after I got my second jab (Moderna. Yes, I know), I made my final visit to the Cataract Guy.

This hadnt been on the original schedule. Wed already had the final appointment where Cataract Guy had declared himself happy with my recovery. It was just that in the subsequent weeks, Id noticed a large spot on the vision of my right eye. It was probably nothing. I was probably being neurotic.

Theres nothing worse than being neurotic and then being proven to be right.

I had a detached retina. It was at the top of my eye, which apparently made it the worst sort. Cataract Guy went into a complex analogy involving wallpaper and bulges. And while he never explicitly said there was an imminent threat to my eyesight, he didnt have to. He told me I had to go to see Retina Guy, and I had to go right now.

Ominously, he intoned Good Luck.

Because such examinations involve vision-obscuring eye drops, I couldnt drive: so, what had been a slightly-annoying taxi job for Herself suddenly became an ambulance run into the city centre. She had to re-arrange her work schedule as she drove. We had a conversation/slight argument where she bombarded me with questions I couldnt answer. I had peeling eye wallpaper and it was serious. That was all I had managed to take in.

Retina Guy didnt say there was a threat to my eyesight either. Instead, he asked me when I had last eaten and announced his intention to operate that afternoon. As is standard in these situations, he set about explaining what the procedure involved, but I stopped him when he got to the word Jelly. Just put me to sleep and fix it.

Thankfully, he respected this, but did go to some pains to address an issue that had nothing to do with me eye: youre in shock, he told me. You will be in shock for the next few days. Youll need to acknowledge that. Just before the operation he visited me again and repeated the advice. He patted me on the arm. It was the arm that I had got my jab in the day before so it hurt, but I did appreciate the gesture.

While at the time I thought I was being all James Bond about it, he was correct. Afterwards, I felt frail and anxious. The post-operative regime required me to spend days with my head bent forward. I couldnt drive or bend over or lift anything. I couldnt see out of my right eye because they had pumped gas into it. (Which causes hilariously poor depth perception).

I felt useless, frustrated and guilty because now Herself had to do everything. I couldnt do any housework. I couldnt dress Daughter Number Four or read her bedtime stories. Herself didnt complain, but the strain and the worry were obvious.

Yet our story is a relatively mild one. Within a month or so, my eyesight should, hopefully, come back to normal. Every day, people have to deal with far more serious conditions, life-limiting and life-threatening; and while the focus is understandably on the condition itself, the psychological toll it takes on the person and their family can get overlooked. The lives of those doing the caring are also limited, yet they may feel they dont have the right to complain.

Even the most humdrum tasks can become bent with the strain. When Herself delivered me to the second hospital, she couldnt come in because of Covid. I got out of the car, and just as I was about the cross the road, she accidently reversed into me. Appropriately, I was in her blind spot.

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Sean Moncrieff: I felt useless, frustrated and guilty after my operation - The Irish Times

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