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Archive for the ‘Preventative Medicine’ Category

Dr. Michael DiGiorno, Director of St. John’s Medical Group: Now is the Time to Catch up with Preventative Health Care, Testing – Yonkers Times

Tuesday, July 6th, 2021

Dr. Michael DiGiorno

By Dan Murphy

With most Westchester residents vaccinated, and with COVID-19 positivity rates at less than 1%, Dr. Michael DiGiorno, Medical Director of St. Johns Medical Group, is encouraging patients and our readers to return to their pre-COVID routine of getting tested, including getting their annual physicals, screening colonoscopies, bone density testing and mammograms.

Its important not to let your health lapse because of the pandemic any longer. At least come in and have an annual physical and ensure that your health screening tests are up to date. It is an extraordinarily safe time for patients to come in and catch up with their health care needs, and we are here to help them through the testing process.

Part of our challenge during the COVID-19 pandemic was to make sure that we stayed open, and that we continued to deliver care to Yonkers and the surrounding communities. We thought it was crucial to maintain a presence in the community during a very difficult time, and if you had an underlying medical condition, or had a medical question or needed a prescription refill, we were open for in person and telemedicine appointments. We concentrated on the safety of our physicians and staff and made sure we were all protected, and we did so quite successfully, said Dr. DiGiorno.

Now we are moving towards a return to normalcy. People are vaccinated and we can accommodate more patients in person. We are maintaining processes in place, including using masks and enhanced cleaning to ensure optimal safety. We provide a very safe, clean environment, so now is the time to pivot and focus on health care maintenance.

Our physicians and staff are available and understand that not everyone has the same level of comfort. If you have any specific concerns, let us know and we will work to ensure your return is a positive experience. In addition to primary care, our specialty physicians are on-site and available to address your gastroenterology, nephrology, physical medicine, vascular, podiatric and pain management needs.

Dr. DiGiorno stressed that, unfortunately, underlying health conditions dont wait for the pandemic to pass. We do see some patients, with diabetes who have strayed and have weight gain because of a lack of activity. As a result, their diabetes has become poorly controlled. Similarly, we are seeing patients with chronic hypertension, which was once well-controlled, now require additional therapy. We understand whygyms were closed, our diets and routines were interrupted, and we were told to stay home, and it all took a toll on our health.

Now is the time to get people back on track, with basic testing, and diabetes and blood pressure treatments and screenings. While we have seen some slippage with chronic conditions in some patients, we want that to be the exception and not the rule.

So go back for your basic labs, physicals, and colonoscopies. The environment is safe and clean and accessible. They will expedite your appointment and connect you to your primary care physician. If you do not have a physician, St. Johns has lots of options and it all starts with a phone call.

We understand what our community, and the world has been through. There is no judgement here. Our goal is to achieve wellness, so dont be afraid to see a physician. We just want everyone to get well again, and move forward as a community said Dr. DiGiorno.

Michael DiGiorno, DO, MHSA, FASN, is the Vice-President, Medical Operations, and the Chief of Nephrology at St. Johns Riverside Hospital, and the Medical Director of the St. Johns Medical Group practice.

To make an appointment or contact a member of St. Johns Riverside Hospital, or St. Johns Medical Group call 914.964.4DOC.

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The major health care and cybersecurity risk of ‘Right-to-Repair’ laws | TheHill – The Hill

Tuesday, July 6th, 2021

Just like other devices we rely on, medical devices can improve our quality of life so long as they are maintained to work properly. When they are not or not maintained or serviced in line with FDA approval there can be huge health care and cybersecurity risks.

In the brief on a just-released FDA discussion paper, William Maisel, notes,Many medical devices are reusable and need preventative maintenance and repair during their useful life; therefore, proper servicing is critical to their continued safe and effective use.Maisel, M.D., is the director of the Office of Product Evaluation and Quality in FDAs Center for Devices and Radiological Health.Who could possibly disagree with such a statement? Lawyers.

Thats right, the tort bar is prioritizing profit over patient safety. For shame. (No, Im not surprised either.)

Quality is the glue that holds together our health care technology ecosystem. Whether its a medicine for high blood pressure, a COVID-19 vaccine or a medical device such as an implantable stent or a room-size MRI machine, the FDAs mission rests upon a triad of trust safety, effectiveness and quality. And the bedrock upon which quality rests isGood Manufacturing Practices. Who could be against that? Lawyers.

Considerthe recent spate of suggested state and federal legislationon what is called Right-to-Repair. At first glance, it seems like a good idea. Why not make it easier for consumers to fix their broken electronics, without having to pay a costly sum to the original manufacturer? But, as HL Mencken reminds us, for every complex problem there is an answer that is clear, simple, and wrong. The reality is that Right-to-Repair presents many dangerous unintended consequences. The No.1 problem is that it compromises patient safety.

The core of Right-to-Repair laws is to require innovative technology companies to make product repair information, replacement parts and tools readily available to consumers and third-party repair shops. Should that be the case for devices such as Automated External Defibrillators and hospital ventilators? What about electrocardiograph (ECG) machines? Can physicians and patients be confident in non-FDA compliant vendors without the advanced training and technical ability to properly repair and recalibrate life-saving machines? Who could argue that anyone can do it? Lawyers.

Why? Because when things go wrong, when medical devices fail, when patients and their families suffer the consequences, when associated health care costs skyrocket it seems lawyers see opportunity. And they aim their lightening lances of litigation at the deepest pockets the original manufacturers.

It seems the tort bar is creating a problem they can exploit for profit.

But wait, it gets worse. By allowing third parties without any FDA competence to repair regulated, complicated medical devices, Right-to-Repair also opens the door to breaches in cybersecurity.

According to the FDA, cybersecurity is a widespread issue affecting medical devices connected to the Internet, networks, and other devices. Cybersecurity is the process of preventing unauthorized access, modification, misuse or denial of use, or the unauthorized use of information that is stored, accessed, or transferred from a medical device to an external recipient.

In the just-released FDA discussion paper that I referenced above, Strengthening Cybersecurity Practices Associated with Servicing Medical Devices: Challenges and Opportunities, the agency asks, How can entities that service medical devices contribute to strengthening the cybersecurity of medical devices?

According to the discussion paper, FDA defines service to be the repair and/or preventive or routine maintenance of one or more parts in a finished device, after distribution, for purposes of returning it to the safety and performance specifications established by the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) and to meet its original intended use.

In other words, the first step in advancing medical device cybersecurity is to limit and ensure that those who control repairs and maintenance of these highly sophisticated pieces of health care technology are regulated FDA manufacturers.

On July 27, the FDA is holding a public meeting on this topic. It couldnt be timelier. The proper servicing and security of medical devices and other health care technologies mustnt be subsumed for profit.

Peter J.Pitts, a former FDA Associate Commissioner, is president of the Center for Medicine in the Public Interest and a visiting professor at the University of Paris School of Medicine.

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Discovery could inform new preventive treatment for blood clots – Health Europa

Tuesday, July 6th, 2021

Researchers from the University of Leeds and the University of Sheffield have discovered a key mechanism in preventing the escalation of blockages caused by blood clots.

A blood clot forms a pulmonary embolism or blockage, cutting off blood flow to major blood vessels in the lungs. In many cases, the blockage is caused by fragments that have broken away from a blood clot elsewhere in the body, such as a deep vein thrombosis in one of the legs. The fragments are transported to the lungs via the blood stream. Now, researchers have discovered that the protein fibrin plays a key role in stabilising the original clot to prevent bits of clot from breaking loose.

The findings from the research, which was funded by the British Heart Foundation, have been published in the scientific journal PNAS.

The research team used animal studies involving mice to investigate a key chemical building block of the clotting protein fibrin, known as -chain cross links. The scientists found that the -chain cross links give the fibrin its stability through enhanced resistance to rupture and clot fragmentation.

The study examined clot behaviour in mice that were genetically modified so they could not produce the stabilising -chain cross links in the fibrin, and compared them with mice that could.

The results revealed that the clots without the -chain cross links were more unstable and more likely to fragment and produced more associated embolisms.

Dr Cdric Duval, the studys lead author and lecturer in the School of Medicine at Leeds, said: What we believe is happening is that, without the -chain cross links, the fibrin is not strong enough to hold the clot in place against the forces generated in the body from muscle movement and from blood flow.

Professor Robert Arins, also from the School of Medicine at Leeds, who supervised the research, said: The findings reveal the importance of the -chain cross links. These are the structural supports in the fibrin that keep the clot in place.

By identifying the structural dynamics of this mechanism, we have identified new targets for drugs that could be developed to stop fragments of a thrombosis breaking away to cause an embolism in the lungs.

This is a disease that is a major cause of disability and death around the world.

The research findings confirm the long-held suspicion by Professor Arins that the structure of fibrin plays a role in the fragmentation of clots but, until now, there was no scientific evidence.

He said: I have always thought that the remarkable elasticity of fibrin, which has been described as like rubber or spider silk, would be important to prevent clot fragmentation and thus thromboembolic disease.

I was astounded to see the level of differences in pulmonary embolism that resulted from a genetic mutation that resulted in reduced elastic recovery of the fibres. So, when I saw the results, it definitely was a wow moment and I also had the I told you so feeling.

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RWJBarnabas Health Pioneers Innovative Pancreatic Cyst Surveillance Program – OncLive

Tuesday, July 6th, 2021

Pancreatic cancer accounts for 3% of all new cancer diagnoses, but is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States.5 Therefore, it is imperative that we, as a community, focus our efforts on learning more about precancerous conditions within the pancreas and the early identification of cancers; pancreatic cysts are an ideal target. There are 2 key components to remember with regard to pancreatic cysts: accurate identification and evidence-based longitudinal surveillance. Unfortunately, an ongoing issue for this patient population is that many are never appropriately identified or followed. However, even when identified, many patients are not referred to a pancreatic center of excellence, a gastroenterologist who focuses on the pancreas, or a surgeon with experience in pancreatic cysts. As a result, these patients can re-present years later with a pancreatic cancer.

Our institution, Saint Barnabas Medical Center, an RWJBarnabas Health Facility, in conjunction with the Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, has made efforts to focus on preventative care. Specifically, we have recently focused our attention on pancreatic cysts and partnered

with Eon to develop and implement a platform called Essential Patient Management (EPM) Pancreas to identify patients with a pancreatic abnormality, and then, longitudinally follow them using an innovative and modern cloud-based platform that includes automatic patient and physician reminders.

Through the adoption of Eon EPM Pancreas, patients who now undergo either ultrasound, computed tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging in our Emergency Department, inpatient setting, or outpatient imaging facility, will be automatically identified if they are found to have an abnormality within their pancreas. The patient will then be contacted by one of our preventative medicine nurse navigators with a phone call and a letter; they will also be offered consultation with our pancreatic care team. Additionally, the patients ordering physician will also be contacted with a letter and a call. This algorithm links all parties together and lets them know about the pancreatic abnormality that may harbor precancerous potential. This automatic identification and population of cyst factors into the cloud-based platform accomplishes the first key component to remember with these cysts.

The second component is accomplished through individual risk stratification. The pancreatic cyst size, tempo of growth, pancreatic duct caliber, mural nodularity, evidence of pancreatitis, tumor markers, pancreatic cyst fluid aspirate for carcinoembryonic and amylase levels, and, at times, genetic mutations are added to the Eon EPM dashboard. Putting these factors together, along with national and international guidelines, we determine how to best manage and follow a particular patient. Previously, this has been done by using an Excel spreadsheet. However, now, with the EPM platform, we can advance healthcare and manage patients electronically; the cloud-based system embeds into our institutions electronic medical record (EMR) system, and with that, all the aforementioned factors can be seen immediately at the time of consultation. Moreover, we have extrapolated the method of a tumor board into our pancreatic cyst clinic and we now have a weekly pancreatic multidisciplinary conference where we discuss our patients with pancreatic cysts, thus providing them with a multidisciplinary/team approach.

Eon EPM offers the most powerful Pancreas solution that uses best-in-class technology to identify incidental pancreatic abnormalities, and longitudinally track patients who require serial surveillance. Eon EPM uses sophisticated proprietary models, referred to as Computational Linguistics data science models, to positively identify incidentally found pancreatic abnormalities with 93.9% accuracy; this high accuracy rate means fewer missed patients and less coordinator effort. Moreover, EPM can integrate with any facilitys EMR and IT system, and through Robotic Process Automation, it automates many mundane and repetitive tasks.

Eon EPM Pancreas detects incidental pancreatic abnormalities noted in radiology reports, extracts pertinent information from these reports such as pancreatic cyst characteristics, enters all information into one dashboard for serial surveillance, ensures patients are tracked and followed according to evidence-based guidelines, segments and prioritizes patients based on risk stratification, and triggers follow-up.

In summary, there are 2 overarching goals of this program. The first is to improve the quality in identifying patients with pancreatic cysts and longitudinally following them to ensure that they do not fall through the cracks within the community in which they are being served. The second goal is to offer patients surgery only when it is indicated because the great majority of pancreatic cysts only require lifetime surveillancenot an operation. If we can identify high-risk pancreatic cysts and surgically remove them prior to the development of pancreas cancer and prevent other patients from having an unnecessary operation, we believe that to be a massive improvement in how patients are being cared for. I have no doubt that Eon EPM Pancreas Solution will change the landscape for patients with pancreatic cysts and tumors, and have a true impact on survival from pancreatic-related diseases.

Russell Langan, M.D., is chief of Surgical Oncology and Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery at Saint Barnabas Medical Center (SBMC), an RWJBarnabas Health facility, and surgical oncologist at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey.

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Pet Owners encouraged to take Precautions during 4th of July Weekend – exploreokoboji.com

Tuesday, July 6th, 2021

(Okoboji)-Pet Owners are urged to take precautions during the holiday weekend, KUOO's Becky Thoreson has details:

Pet Owners encouraged to take Precautions during 4th of July Weekend

Pet Experts are urging owners to take extra care with pets during the 4th of July holiday weekend.

Kristi Henning, Director of the Emmet County Animal Shelter says it's best to take preventative measures. "You can prevent some fear anxiety in pets from something as turning up the radio or the TV really, really loud to try to drown out the sound of the fireworks. You can do a thunder shirt, if you have one. A lot of times that snug feeling of that thunder shirt gives them comfort. If you don't have one , you can pop on Pinterest, and they'll actually show you how to make one out of an old tee shirt or a wide ace bandage. It's pretty simple, it's basically just making something snug on them so they feel safe. Another alternative is to contact your vet, and ask them what sort of medicine you could give them as a preventative to an anxiety reaction."

She notes that it's important to secure your pet, and have identification. "Definitely make sure they're secured, that's important. Also, some kind of ID. If you don't have a tag on your pet and you don't have time to get one, even just taking a piece of duct tape and write your name and phone number on it, and then wrap that around their collar so taht they have something on them. Long term though, getting appropriate tags helps all the times of the year and microchips can never get lost."

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Landlords in peril, tenants in distress: Expiring eviction bans foreshadow national reckoning – The Real Deal

Tuesday, July 6th, 2021

Seven states will lift their eviction bans next month, and the cases to follow will offer a glimpse of the onslaught to come. (iStock)

In Connecticut, real estate attorney Ori Spiegel hadnt heard much from landlords as the end of his states eviction ban approached. He expects that to change, starting today.

There are many who Ive asked to call me back on June 30, Spiegel said. The governor has often waited until the last minute to extend the moratorium, so I dont really have information for them until that point.

Barring any 11th-hour interventions, Connecticut, Kentucky, North Carolina and Oregon are set to drop their state eviction protections at midnight. Four more states plus the District of Columbia are slated to do the same in July.

The expiring bans will leave the overwhelming majority of U.S. tenants whove fallen behind on rent with only the federal moratorium imposed by the Centers for Disease Control, which offers less protection and gives landlords more ways to circumnavigate.

In states without protections, eviction cases filed this month will offer a glimpse of whats to come when the federal moratorium sunsets July 31. Tenant advocates and landlord attorneys expect an onslaught of cases for arrears each in the tens of thousands of dollars that could carry astronomical costs for communities left with the job of housing the newly homeless.

Landlords in the 15 states that maintained their own bans before June 30 have largely had their hands tied when it comes to filing eviction cases. In Connecticut, the state moratorium affords a few exceptions, such as for tenants who owe back rent from before the pandemic. But Spiegel has advised landlords not to take anything to court until the state ban lifts.

Thats because the CDC moratorium offers a workaround for landlords.

The federal ban only protects tenants if they fill out a hardship declaration. In Connecticut, a judge may determine a tenants form isnt credible, paving the way for eviction.

The CDCs moratorium also includes five exemptions, the last of which has allowed eviction cases to proceed. If a tenant violated a lease for a reason other than non-payment, the landlord can bring them to court. Attorneys in states with expiring bans expect more of these cases in the next month.

States with weaker protections like North Carolina, or those without a state ban, like Florida, have already seen tenants evicted for reasons other than non-payment.

James Surane, a North Carolina attorney, said hes taken on a steady stream of cases in which the tenant had owed money, and had an expired lease, allowing the landlord to move forward with a case. And Florida attorney David Winker said the recent mass eviction of 200 tenants from a Miami building owned by apartment giant Aimco and spinoff Air was also a non-monetary action.

And for cases that are brought over arrears, the CDCs ban doesnt stop a filing in its tracks or a court from issuing a judgment. It just prevents tenants from being kicked out of their homes.

Portland, Oregon, tenant attorney Troy Pickard expects that in situations where a judge has ruled against a tenant in an eviction case, the parties wont need to go to court once the federal ban expires. The judge will be able to issue a notice that makes the eviction effective.

The sheriff will be able to go to that home and rip the people out of the house, Pickard said.

In most states, even those like New York and California that have extended eviction proceedings through the summer and beyond, the end of the federal ban will also bring an influx of filings.

About 11 million renters about 1 in every 33 Americans are estimated to be behind on their payments, according to estimates by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. In cases that have already been brought, the arrears owed are record-breaking.

Ive been doing this for about 30 years; probably did a half a million evictions and Ive never seen ledgers like these, Surane said. They are now topping $20,000 in arrears

Theres no comprehensive data on U.S. eviction filings. The Eviction Lab at Princeton University, which tracks five states and 29 cities, has found nearly 385,000 evictions filed since the start of the pandemic. Still, anecdotes from attorneys point to a much bigger backlog of cases.

For the landlords doing the filing, an eviction is often an act of desperation a last resort to regain financial control after as many as 15 months of non-payment.

Of the 10 million to 11 million small landlords HUD estimates are in the U.S., one-third are at risk of bankruptcy or foreclosure because of unpaid rents, the Washington Post reported.

In California, where the governor just extended rental protections until Sept. 30 one of the longest state bans nationally landlord advocates fear that smaller landlords owning four to eight units could be facing foreclosure.

Its hard enough for landlords to miss a couple of months of rent payments, but to have this go on for over a year, it has put property owners in financial peril, said Daniel Yukelson, executive director of the Apartment Association of Greater Los Angeles, which represents landlords.

Bidens decision last week to extend the federal moratorium until July 31 probably wont raise the risks for landlords by much. But the extension will add to the growing ire of property owners, particularly landlords who kept up with mortgage and bill payments by going into debt or tapping into retirement accounts because their tenants couldnt or wouldnt pay the rent.

Winker said one of his clients, a model and single mother who emigrated from Russia, was incredulous at the extended ban.

She didnt know it was coming, he said. And when she heard about it, she said this is like socialism, but its not the government that pays for it, its the landowner.

Older people just over one-third of landlords owning two- to four-unit buildings are also suffering. Many are retired and unlikely to have another source of income apart from rent, according to The Urban Institute.

A subset of owners is itching to sell. Some are scarred from the stress of the last year and want to get out entirely. Others are hoping to take advantage of the hot market, but cant unload property while their tenant is in possession. Connecticut attorney Mark Sank said he gets calls daily from owners looking to sell and tells each to wait until the state moratorium lifts.

In states where tenant occupancy isnt an issue, landlords have sold to institutional investors who will then have to take tenants who owe back rent to court.

To describe what may happen when the federal ban finally lifts, tenant advocates have relied on a grab bag of flood metaphors a wave, a deluge, a tsunami to predict the number of evictions that will ensue.

For landlord attorneys, the rental housing market itself is sick, an economic manifestation of Covid-19, and evictions are just triage. And waiting only makes it worse.

Winker compared it to preventative medicine. Take your 10-cent-per day blood pressure medication because if you dont, youll face much worse consequences.

I will end up in the hospital in the emergency room in full cardiac arrest and that is the least efficient way for me to receive my health care, Winker said. I often talk about courts being that way.

With states struggling to dole out assistance payments, many arrears cases wont be remedied until they hit housing court the last and most expensive course.

The Cost of Eviction Calculator developed by the University of Arizona estimates that the 11 million renters at risk for eviction could cost the U.S. as much as $101 billion to care for through shelter, health care and foster care.

Eventually there has to be a reckoning of some kind. The question is how does this thing ultimately end? Pickard said. Hopefully it wont end in a mass of evictions, because if it does thats just going to be one more huge cost to society that might have been avoided through some kind of intervention.

Contact Suzannah Cavanaugh

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Starpharma whacked with $93,000 TGA fine over COVID spray ads – Sydney Morning Herald

Tuesday, July 6th, 2021

Australias medicines regulator has fined Melbourne biotech Starpharma $93,000 for advertising breaches related to its COVID-fighting nasal spray, just weeks after the UK regulator raised questions about promotions of the product.

The Therapeutic Goods Administration confirmed on Friday evening it had issued the company with seven infringement notices worth $93,200 for promoting its nasal spray Viraleze via its website and YouTube channel even though the product is not yet authorised for use in Australia.

Starpharma has been clear with investors that its product is not yet available for sale in Australia. However, its online retail site with explanations of Viraleze was available to view from Australia until recently.

The regulator said the companys advertising included a restricted representation claiming that Viraleze is an antiviral nasal spray that stops SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. Any claims or references to preventing or treating a serious form of a disease, condition, ailment or defect are restricted representations.

In a statement to the ASX on Monday morning, Starpharma said upon receiving the infringement notices it acted quickly to block Australians from being able to view the materials that the regulator had concerns about, including preventing them from accessing the products marketing website and its YouTube channel.

The company will work closely with the TGA to resolve the current matter and how to balance the need to provide information to its shareholders about key company milestones...with requirements of the [Therapeutic Goods] Act in relation to advertising in Australia, Starpharma said.

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Starpharma is an ASX-listed pharmaceuticals developer which currently sells a range of sexual health products including antiviral condoms.

The company pivoted its research towards coronavirus in the middle of 2020 and developed Viraleze, an antiviral nasal spray, using the same active ingredient that is in its other products.

Viraleze, which has undergone laboratory testing, is designed as a preventative measure against the virus to be used as an additional layer of protection on top of mask wearing, social distancing and vaccines.

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Baby seizures: Signs, what to do, causes, and treatment – Medical News Today

Tuesday, July 6th, 2021

Baby seizures happen when an abnormal extra burst of electrical activity occurs between neurons, or brain cells, in a babys brain. These can happen for many reasons.

Causes may include brain injury, infection, and underlying health conditions, such as cerebral palsy. A babys risk of fever-related seizure is highest when they are younger than 18 months.

Sometimes, it is difficult for parents or caregivers to notice seizures in babies and young children, as they can be subtle. However, common signs include loss of consciousness and jerking of the arms and legs.

Read on to learn more about the signs and symptoms of a baby seizure and treatment.

The symptoms a baby experiences depend on the type of seizure they have.

These types of seizures are most common in the newborn period. However, these signs may resemble usual, everyday movements and may be difficult to spot. Symptoms of subtle seizures can include:

Tonic means muscle stiffness. When a baby experiences a tonic seizure, they may:

Clonic means twitching or jerking, so when a baby has a clonic seizure, they may display repeated, uncontrolled jerking muscle movements.

During this seizure, a parent or caregiver may notice the baby is clenching or twitching parts of its body, including:

This refers to a type of seizure that starts with stiffening (tonic phase) followed by jerking (clonic phase). Therefore, a person may observe symptoms of a tonic seizure followed by signs of a clonic seizure.

Learn more about seizures here.

According to The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, when a baby is having a seizure, it is crucial to keep them away from any hard objects to reduce the risk of injury. When the area is safe, roll them onto their side to prevent choking.

Do not put anything in the babys mouth or try to stop any mouth movements, such as tongue biting, as this can injure the baby.

Call 911, or take the baby to an emergency room if they are:

Learn what a seizure looks like here.

Seizures are the most common neurological emergency in the first 4 weeks of a babys life. As many as 15 babies per 1,000 experience a seizure. Some seizures only last a few minutes and occur once, leaving no lasting damage.

When a baby experiences frequent seizures, they must receive treatment to prevent brain damage. Brain damage occurs due to the frequent disruption of brain oxygen levels and excessive brain cell activity.

Learn more about seizures in babies here.

Sometimes, when babies show signs of a seizure, they are demonstrating healthy reflexes.

The Moro reflex, or startle, reflex is a healthy part of a babys development. If a baby hears a loud sound or senses a sudden movement, they may throw their head back and suddenly stiffen and extend their arms. Parents or caregivers should not worry when they notice this behavior. Babies tend to outgrow this reflex at 36 months.

The tonic neck reflex is a movement where a baby looks to the side with one arm extended and the other bent; it may look like they are imitating holding a sword or firing an arrow. This primitive reflex first develops in the womb and helps the baby coordinate their eyes and control fine movement. Babies may demonstrate this reflex up to 9 months old.

However, while this reflex presents with signs such as eye-rolling, lip-smacking, and leg pedaling movements, these are normal movements, particularly in newborns. It is worth noting that this reflex does not present with characteristic features of a seizure, such as jerking or stiffening.

There are many causes of seizures in babies. Some may occur due to an event such as a head injury, while others could be symptoms of an infection or an underlying health condition.

Some causes of baby seizures include:

Viral encephalitis causes brain inflammation and seizures. Common viruses, such as the flu, can cause a babys temperature to rise, increasing their risk of a febrile seizure. Bacterial infections, in particular, Group B strep bacteria can cause meningitis in babies, which can present with seizures.

Learn about the differences between viral and bacterial infections here.

Sometimes babies that have a fever or high body temperature may develop a febrile seizure. They typically only last a few minutes and occur most often in young children, roughly between 6 months and 5 years.

Signs of a febrile seizure include:

Learn more about febrile seizures here.

When a baby has hydrocephalus, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) applies pressure on the brain. It is a common condition and can also occur on its own in the womb. If a doctor uses forceps or vacuum extractors to help deliver the baby, this may injure the head and cause CSF to accumulate on the brain.

Learn more about CSF here.

Seizures are a common symptom of cerebral palsy. If a baby has cerebral palsy, they will find it difficult to control muscle. Researchers are unsure of the exact cause of cerebral palsy. However, they do know it occurs in some babies that do not receive enough oxygen.

Learn more about cerebral palsy here.

Other causes of baby seizures include:

Learn more about epilepsy in children here.

To find out what is causing the seizure, a doctor may run an electroencephalogram (EEG). This is a test that measures electrical activity in the brain. They may do this in the emergency room or as a separate appointment.

To prepare for the EEG, a doctor places metal discs on the babys head that detect and record their brains electrical impulses.

A baby may need several EEGs, so a doctor can see what their brain activity is like between seizures.

Some conditions that induce seizures may produce healthy EEG readings, so imaging tests, such as an MRI and CT scan, may be necessary to see if any structural changes or obstructions are causing seizures.

Learn about head and brain MRIs here.

If necessary, doctors may control seizures in babies with anticonvulsant medication, including:

If the seizures are due to a lack of oxygen, doctors may administer hypothermic treatment. This procedure cools the babys brain and body to prevent brain damage. They may do this if a baby experiences difficulties during birth and is not able to breathe.

Some babies may need long-term treatment to prevent seizures from recurring. A doctor needs to know the exact cause of the seizures before prescribing an effective treatment plan. For example, treatment will differ if a baby has epilepsy or is recovering from meningitis.

Learn more about meningitis in babies here.

Several types of seizures affect babies, including subtle, tonic, clonic, and febrile seizures. Some seizures are not serious and do not leave any lasting brain damage. Infection and injury are common causes of brain seizures.

Sometimes, underlying health conditions, such as cerebral palsy, can cause seizures that require long-term treatment. If a baby has a seizure and struggles to breathe or their symptoms last longer than 5 minutes, call 911 or take them to an emergency room.

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Decreased STI testing early in pandemic could lead to surge in new cases, researchers warn – Fox News

Thursday, May 27th, 2021

A decline in sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing among men and women in the early months of the pandemic may translate into a future surge in new cases, researchers said. A study conducted by Penn State and Quest Diagnostics reviewed more than 18 million STI test results from patients ages 14-49 from January 2019 through June 2020 and found that at-risk individuals and asymptomatic people may not have received timely testing during the pandemic, resulting in potential unknown spread.

The study, which was published May 19 in the American Journal of Preventative Medicine, found that STI screening and testing for men decreased by 63% during the studied time period, and fell by 59% for women. Researchers in part pointed to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines that recommended halting STI tests except for patients exhibiting symptoms, which they said could have led to missed cases of asymptomatic infections, such as the majority of chlamydia and gonorrhea infections.

"The quickest way for people to spread STIs is to not know that they have one," Casey Pinto, assistant professor of public health sciences at Penn State College of Medicine and researcher at Penn State Cancer Institute said, in a statement. "The inability to detect asymptomatic cases could have negative repercussions for years to come."

US CERVICAL CANCERS FALL BUT OTHER SEX-RELATED CANCERS RISE

The data showed that despite about a 60% decrease in STI testing in early April, the positivity rate for both chlamydia and gonorrhea infections were increasing. The researchers also noted that early findings suggest people continued to be sexually active with others outside of their household despite the declines in screening and testing.

Data showed about a 60% decrease in STI testing in early April, but an increasing positivity rate for both chlamydia and gonorrhea. (iStock)

Researchers said that once testing returns to pre-pandemic levels, they expect to see a surge in new infections, which could lead to long-term health repercussions such as infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease or even other STIs.

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"This research highlights the importance of maintaining resources for STI management even in the midst of a pandemic," Pinto said. "Moving forward, health care providers should strike a balance between responding to emerging crises and continuing to provide routine sexual health services. In addition, STI treatment and intervention efforts should be considered when allocating resources to manage public health emergencies."

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CyberloQ to Form Advisory Board of Industry Leaders to Help Scale Its Patented Technology – StreetInsider.com

Thursday, May 27th, 2021

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Sarasota, FL, May 26, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- via NewMediaWire-- CyberloQ Technologies, Inc. (OTC PINK: CLOQ) of Sarasota, Florida is engaging a panel of industry players to assist CyberloQ in marketing their one-of-a-kind patented platform for preventing cyber fraud.

Chris Jackson, Chief Executive Officer stated, After several years of development and testing we are now highly confident that we have a unique solution for credit unions, banks and other institutions to substantially eradicate credit and debit card transaction fraud.

The CyberloQ platform is proactive, not reactive. Choose your metaphor: implementing the CyberloQ system is very much like having a sentry outside your door to prevent fraudulent activity before it can begin; implementing CyberloQ is the equivalent of the Card Issuer donning a bullet-proof vest; implementing CyberloQis opting for preventative medicinerather than treatment of an established disease.

And such prevention is a game-changer when you consider the financial and reputational damage that the occurrence of such fraud inflicts on both the bank and the holder of the card.

Given its extensive opportunity for positive impact, said Jackson, we are assembling a world class team of market-savvy individuals with deep inside knowledge of key financial markets where CyberloQ can easily be adopted and integrated into any organizations existing cyber-security best practices.The primary focus of this newly formed team of advisors will be assist us in capturing these opportunities.

About CyberloQ Technologies Inc.

CyberloQ Technologies Inc. (OTC: CLOQ) secures clients sensitive data and valuable information with a patented, aggressive and proactive approach. CyberloQ's advanced authentication algorithms, private blockchain and industry-leading geofencing capabilities give clients complete control of their data for real-time authentication and dedicated fraud protection. For more information, visithttps://CyberloQ.com/.

About TurnScor

TurnScor helps consumers fix their credit scores by helping them apply the Fair Credit Reporting Act to verify the accuracy of their credit reports across all three agencies. TurnScor removes the need for consumers with no or low credit scores to work with attorneys and other firms to build or repair their credit. For more information, visithttps://turnscor.com/.

Forward-Looking Information

This news release contains "forward-looking statements" which are not purely historical and may include any statements regarding beliefs, plans, expectations or intentions regarding the future. Such forward-looking statements include, among other things, the development, costs and results of new business opportunities and words such as "anticipate", "seek", intend", "believe", "estimate", "expect", "project", "plan", or similar phrases may be deemed "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results could differ from those projected in any forward-looking statements due to numerous factors. Such factors include, among others, the inherent uncertainties associated with new projects, the future U.S. and global economies, the impact of competition, and the Company's reliance on existing regulations regarding the use and development of cannabis-based products. These forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this news release, and we assume no obligation to update the forward-looking statements, or to update the reasons why actual results could differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Although we believe that any beliefs, plans, expectations and intentions contained in this press release are reasonable, there can be no assurance that any such beliefs, plans, expectations or intentions will prove to be accurate. Investors should consult all of the information set forth herein and should also refer to the risk factors disclosure outlined in our annual report on Form 10-K, our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and other periodic reports filed from time-to-time with the Securities and Exchange Commission. For more information, please visitwww.sec.gov.

CLOQ Contact:Chris JacksonTel: 1.612.961.4536Email:info@cyberloq.com

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Half of all U.S. adults are now fully vaccinated against covid-19 – Yahoo Finance

Thursday, May 27th, 2021

Dr. David Katz, Preventive Medicine Specialist & True Health Initiative President, joined Yahoo Finance to discuss the latest on covid-19.

ADAM SHAPIRO: Let's bring in Dr. David Katz. He is a Preventative Medicine Specialist, also the President of the True Health Initiative. Good to have you here. I want to start with that Moderna news. How quickly do you think it could be before we see, perhaps, teenagers and younger getting the Moderna vaccine?

DAVID KATZ: Yeah, good to be with you. I think it really is more a matter of enthusiasm for vaccine uptake in that population than it is a matter of availability. I think the current administration has done a good job making vaccines available and deploying them. And from what I'm hearing from colleagues and various access points to public health, I'm not finding that a lot of people eager to get the vaccine are having difficulty accessing it.

I think the slowdown is mostly related to the fact that people eager to be vaccinated have been. I'm not sure how most parents are feeling about vaccinating their teens and tweens. And I think that that case needs to be made. I think we'll have particular difficulty in communities that trust public health, trust science a bit less. So I think we need an effective communication, along with the distribution of vaccine.

I can't say. I don't-- if it were a simple matter of logistics, supply chain, do we have the vaccine, can people access it-- it would be a simpler projection. But a lot of this really comes down to attitude, vaccine resistance. So I'm not sure how the average person feels about vaccinating younger people who obviously are at lower risk of severe reactions to the virus.

That said-- and this is a decisive issue for me-- as a physician, as a public health professional, and as a parent of now five grown kids, but I've been in this situation, the vaccine is clearly much safer even for young people than the virus is. So it would be a really good idea to get vaccinated if you are in the newly eligible age group. But I don't know how that message is going to go over.

Story continues

SEANA SMITH: Dr. Katz, we heard from New York City this week that they will no longer be having remote learning in the fall. Everyone will be going back in-person. To those parents who have kids that will then be returning to school here in the fall, should they feel 100% safe in sending their kids? Should they have, I guess, any hesitation at all?

DAVID KATZ: Seana, good to see you. They cannot feel 100% safe, but that's simply because, Seana, their kids were not 100% safe before the pandemic. I think one of the critical issues here is that the pandemic has invited risk distortion in every direction. So there are many people who've underestimated the threat of the virus, there are many people who have overestimated the threat of the pandemic, and now there's the notion that having experienced risk associated with SARS-CoV-2, we can only go back to the world when the risk of something bad happening to us or anybody we care about is zero.

It was never zero before, right? There's risk in putting your kid on a school bus. So, no, they should not be hesitant. And the risks, essentially, are at that level. They fall below the threshold where they are in the background. I wish the risk to all children of anything bad happening were zero. I do. But that's a perfect world, and we don't live in a perfect world, and miscellaneous bad things happen to people every day in this country of 330 million people.

The risks of COVID affecting kids, given where we are in the pandemic, given the approach to herd immunity, given the level of immunization is extremely low. There should be no hesitancy about sending kids back to school.

ADAM SHAPIRO: But when we see these surges in different parts of the world-- I mean, we got the news out of Japan that the hospital system is just almost at the point of crumbling-- should they cancel the Olympics?

DAVID KATZ: You know, my heart goes out to the athletes, Adam. The Olympics are such a rarefied thing, right-- so essentially, you're training your whole life and aiming to peak at just the right time. From a public health perspective, given what's going on in Japan, given that the latest news there is only about 2% of the population has been immunized, this looks to me like a super-spreader event.

And if vulnerable people who are not immune come from all over the world and take the virus back, we could have outbreaks in many parts of the world again. So it's a bad idea from a public health perspective to have mass congregation in a part of the world where the virus is spreading at a pretty high level and rates of immunity are low. Obviously, it's well above my pay grade to decide whether or not to cancel the Olympics, but again, looking at this through the lens of public health, it's a dangerous situation for sure.

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Residents line up in Juarez to receive second round of COVID-19 vaccine – El Paso Times

Thursday, May 27th, 2021

Lauren Villagran, El Paso Times Published 3:30 p.m. MT May 24, 2021 | Updated 9:26 a.m. MT May 25, 2021

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Chihuahua state health authorities began a second round of public vaccinations Monday in Jurez, inoculating people age 50 to 59 with a Pfizer shot.

Hundreds of people began lining up in cars or on foot at five vaccine distribution sitesbefore 7 a.m., including at a children's museum, baseball stadium, university campus and convention center.

State health authorities expected to apply about 30,000 first doses over four days.

Chihuahua Public Health nurse Lorena Vazquez administers COVID-19 vaccines to factory workers that were bused in to El Punto en el Chamizal during a vaccination drive for 50-to-59 year-olds on May 24, 2021.(Photo: Omar Ornelas/ El Paso Times)

Vaccines have been trickling into Jurez, as Mexico struggles to distribute the roughly 26 million doses it has secured on the global market.

More: 'The world's haves and have-nots': Global vaccine disparities on display at El Paso-Jurez border

Somemaquiladora factories sent workers to a drive-in vaccine site near the U.S.-Mexico border Monday. They arrived byruta,on the old school buses that serve as personnel transport in Jurez. Health care workers boarded the buses to administer the vaccine to the workers.

"We can't just live with the fear of this disease," said Csar Avalo Zamora, 53, who stood fifth in line, in glaring sun,to receive his first doseof the vaccine at the Indios stadium in Jurez.

"It's also a civic duty," he said, "to prevent creating more contagion."

More: A year into border restrictions over COVID-19, still no public plan for reopening

Avalo Zamora said he was worried, though, about the Jurez seniors who received a first dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine in early April. Second doses for those over age 60 haven't arrived in Jurez, nor have health authorities publicly announced a schedule for second shots.

"It's worrisome because they are the most vulnerable," he said.

Vehicles line up for COVID-19 vaccinations at El Punto en el Chamizal on May 24, 2021 as 50-to-59 year-olds receive the first dose in CIudad Juarez.(Photo: Omar Ornelas/ El Paso Times)

The state health authority is distributing the vaccine in alphabetic order. People in the designated age bracket with a last name beginning with A, B, C or D could show upMonday.

Wendyvila, deputy director of preventative medicine for the state health department, described the logistics of the distribution as "extraordinary" in a statement. Wait times were averaging 10 to 15 minutes on Monday.

"Thanks to everyone, the fact that people are respecting their time slots means that the wait time is short and the logistics are extraordinary," she said in the statement.

Remaining first doses of the Pfizer vaccine would be available on Friday to pregnant women over 18 in their ninth month of gestation, health authorities said.

Lauren Villagran can be reached at lvillagran@elpasotimes.com.

Read or Share this story: https://www.elpasotimes.com/story/news/2021/05/24/covid-19-vaccine-juarez-health-authorities-begin-pfizer-shot-residents/7416780002/

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Rep. Axne Introduces Bill to Expand Full-Day Kindergarten Nationwide – Cindy Axne

Thursday, May 27th, 2021

Last week, Rep. Cindy Axne (IA-03) co-led the introduction of legislation to ensure every child in America has access to high-quality full-day kindergarten, a cause she originally championed in West Des Moines, Iowa when her oldest child was denied that option at their local school district.

When my oldest son was getting ready to start kindergarten, I discovered that access to full-day kindergarten in West Des Moines was determined by a lottery leaving some kids behind despite overwhelming evidence of the value of a full kindergarten education. As a mother, that wasnt something I could accept and I pushed the school district to change that, successfully securing all-day instruction for the entire district, said Rep. Axne. Now, Im joining my colleagues to push for that fix nationwide because Ive seen firsthand the benefits that our kids get from that change, and want to see it offered to the forty percent of students that dont currently have that full-day option. With my own familys experience, I will be pushing to advance this bill by telling my story, and the story of the Iowa students that Ive fought to help.

The Universal Full Day Kindergarten Act creates a grant program in which States and Tribes that apply will receive funding to carry out no-cost, high-quality, full-day kindergarten programs taught by qualified teachers. The bill would also require the Department of Education to release an annual report on the availability of full-day kindergarten across the United States.

Only 17 states and the District of Columbia require school districts to offer full-day kindergarten leaving an estimated 40 percent of kindergarten-age students without access to these critical programs.

Research has shown that full day kindergarten increases academic achievement for elementary students. Full-day kindergarten students were shown to make greater improvements in math and reading comprehension than students enrolled in half-day.

Additional advantages of full-day kindergarten include more positive social interactions, higher self-esteem, greater creativity, and more.

The positive gains for children enrolled in full-day kindergarten extend beyond just academic success. The American Journal of Preventative Medicine found that full-day kindergarten students were more likely to have long-term benefits that would improve their health over their lifetimes.

The bill was introduced with Reps. Ruben Gallego (AZ-07), Sara Jacobs (CA-53), and Ritchie Torres (NY-15).

As we recover from the COVID-19 pandemic, it is more important than ever to make sure that all students, no matter where they live, have access to high-quality education and start their academic experiences on equal footing,said Rep. Gallego.I am proud to reintroduce the Universal Full-Day Kindergarten Act, the first-ever legislative effort in the House to achieve universal full-day Kindergarten. Not only is ensuring access to full-day Kindergarten the right thing to do to set students up for success, it also would increase economic opportunities for parents and families and provide a lifeline for underfunded and low-income school districts across the country. I am grateful to my colleagues Rep. Jacobs, Rep. Axne, and Rep. Torres for joining me to make access to Kindergarten a reality for all American families.

This bill is endorsed by the National Education Association.

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Sleeping with a mosquito | Bancroft this Week – Bancroft This Week

Thursday, May 27th, 2021

May 25, 2021

By Nate Smelle

On the edge of summer in North Hastings, we usually expect a series of returns to arrive with the season and change our routines. Right on schedule, the annual influx of blood-suckers showed up over the long weekend to make their presence known.

With the sun shining and a long list of work outdoors to be done, there was no avoiding the seasonal bloodletting that was due. Before stepping outside Sunday morning to begin the day of chores ahead, it appeared by the swarm of mosquitoes literally knocking on the door that my donation of plasma was highly anticipated.

As every resident of North Hastings knows, it doesnt take long to form a collection of homegrown remedies to help ease the the pain and suffering caused by these tiny, yet ferocious creatures. From spraying vinegar on bites to numb the itch, to planting beebalm or marigolds to keep the thirsty insects at bay; there are more than enough recipes for homemade repellents and medicines to fill a newspaper. In my experience, however, the most effective way to limit the necessary suffering caused by these winged-armies of mosquitoes and blackflies invading our airspace is the same remedy used to repel vampires garlic.

Since my time spent at the family cottage near Fenelon Falls as a child, I can recall my grandparents selling me on the value of this potent and precious plant. While there are a multitude of ways to prepare and use garlic as an eco-friendly bug spray, I have always found it most powerful when it is ingested.

For this reason, during the past month and a half I have been eating as much garlic as humanly possible. A big fan of its flavour, an extra clove or two of garlic can redefine the taste of any dish on the menu. A highly nutritious plant, garlic is known to: boost the functioning of the immune system; help fight a variety of illnesses, including the common cold; reduce blood pressure; improve cholesterol levels; contain antioxidants that are said to help prevent Alzheimers disease and dementia; improve bone health; and, detoxify the body. Complimenting its medicinal abilities, is the fact it can be grown relatively easily here in North Hastings.

Walking out my front door and into the shape-shifting clouds of insects on Sunday, I watched as the overwhelming majority of these creatures of the night caught a whiff of my exposed limbs, and decided to keep searching for another donor. Of course not everyone of the insects was deterred by my preemptive dosing of preventative medicine.

Despite my long-term strategy when it comes to biting insect control, I have made it part of my routine over the years to allow the first brave mosquito of the season to have its fill. Watching as this lucky diner began to feed, I laughed as I thought of how much energy and resources we humans invest in the avoidance of this timeless interaction. I guess His Holiness the Dalai Lama was correct when he said, If you think you are too small to make a difference, try sleeping with a mosquito.

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U of U Health and Intermountain Healthcare are partnering to create more inclusive training for medical stude – Deseret News

Thursday, May 27th, 2021

In many areas, Intermountain Healthcare and University of Utah Health are competitors. But recently, the two most prominent health care organizations in the state have come together for a very important reasonyour health.

For centuries, medicine was pretty straightforward: you go to the doctor when youre sick to receive a diagnosis and treatment. But a new movement is changing the way doctors and other providers look at medicine. Its called population health, and it means physicians are now finding new ways to meet their patients medical needs by looking at all aspects of life in order to provide the most comprehensive care. Its all about preventing illness, rather than only treating people when they get sick.

Providers and caregivers across our state provide exceptional and compassionate care to Utahns when they are ill, says Marc Harrison, MD, president and CEO of Intermountain Healthcare. But we know that keeping Utahns healthy needs to be a critical component in our delivery of health care. The pandemic has put that in sharp focus.

Intermountain Healthcare will invest $50 million spread over multiple years to partner with U of U Health on a new medical education program at the Us School of Medicine. The Population Health Student Scholars Program will be the first of its kind in the United States.

Designed to train future physicians to consider a persons immediate medical needs along with their life circumstances, the program centers the social determinants of health, which play a key role in preventing illness and injury. These social determinants of health include racism, housing, neighborhoods, transportation, food security, personal security, and the opportunity to have meaningful work.

Heres a simple way to think of it. Suppose a patient has diabetes and needs insulin. But what if that patient doesnt have refrigeration in his or her home to keep that insulin viable? Under a population health model of health care, physicians will be now asking patients questions like: Do you have a refrigerator to store your insulin for your diabetes? Can you afford healthy food? Are you getting daily exercise? Can you walk safely around your neighborhood? Can you get in to see a doctor when you need to?

This approach to patient care has the potential to advance the doctor-patient relationship in many positive ways, says Michael L. Good, MD, CEO of University of Utah Health, executive dean of U of U School of Medicine, and senior vice president for Health Sciences. It could lead to a metamorphosis of medical care that better addresses the emerging social and health needs of patients in the 21st century.

While better health outcomes are optimal reasons to move to a population health program, another benefit is the financial savings for Utahns. For example, a Utahn suffering a heart attack with complications will run up an average bill of $39,000. He or she might recover completely but not be 100 percent the same after the cardiac event. A heart attack is considerably less likely to occur, though, if one controls blood pressure, exercises regularly, maintains a healthy weight, and eats wisely. In that case, the $39,000 could be applied towards even more preventative measures, such as a gym membership and access to healthy food.

As part of this new partnership, educators at the School of Medicine are already developing a curriculum for medical students around these concepts. As students enter their clinical rotations, they will spend longer periods of time in communities, which will help them to see things even more through a patients lens.

Im proud that these two organizations are leading the nation in developing a cadre of physicians specifically prepared to deliver this innovative approach to communities, Harrison says. Working with patients holistically will improve the health of all, most notably the vulnerable and underserved, who are too often left behind. This is the future of health care.

JayBee is excited about the new facility. In some ways, working in treatment and care reminded him of sports. You dont make decisions independently. You work as a team, he says. What he came to learn was, You cant help everyone, unfortunately, but the ones you do help, patient care makes an immense difference in their lives.

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Fat-Shaming People Won’t Improve Their Health | Outside Online – Outside

Thursday, May 27th, 2021

Often, messages that pose as health promoting are actually the opposite. There are obvious examples, like the doctor pushingan all-meat diet, or the celebrity wellness influencer telling the world that voluntarily getting stung by bees will reduce inflammation. But the more dangerous messaging is subtler, more insidious, and widespread: that fat bodies are inherently unhealthy.

In a recent New York Times article, healthcolumnist Jane Brody points out that Americans have been hit harder by COVID than most other countries, then blames this on our personal health habits, namely diet and exercise. She spends most of the column raising alarm bells about quarantine weight gain,high-calorie foods, and fatness in general.

In doing so, shes not promoting healthier habits. The truth is, health and weight are not nearly as entwined as we think they are. (Not to mentiontheres far more to Americas COVID crisis than personal health; limited access to health care, systemic discrimination and inequality, and thepoliticizationof the virus have all played huge roles.) Overemphasizing weight loss is stigmatizing and can actually be detrimental to individual health. Heres why we need to rethink this kind of messaging.

Brody talks of the many people in her life who have packed on quite a few pounds of health-robbing body fat this past year. This isan undeniably stigmatizing statement, andit also makes a major assumption that happens to be false: that gaining weight, or being naturallybigger-bodied, is inherently unhealthy. (As a journalist, Im constantly irritated that other journalists can writethings like this without citing a shred of evidence, whereas I have to add an entire paragraph with several citations every time I suggest that weight loss isnt always a helpful or realistic goal.)

Its possible to be healthy at a higher weight, just as its possible to be unhealthy at a lower one. One 2016 study in theJournal of the American Medical Associationeven found that Danish adults in the overweight BMI category actually lived the longest. Being at a higher weight is associated with a higher risk of certain diseases, yes, but that doesnt mean someone at a higher weight is necessarily unhealthy. You absolutely cannot infer health information or information about ones health behaviors based solely on their weight, says Mary Himmelstein, a researcher at the University of Connecticuts Rudd Center for Food Policy andObesity. Someone in a thin body may be completely sedentary and eat a diet of mostly processed foods and very few fruits and vegetables, while someone in a larger body might be extremely active and eat loads of nutrient-rich foods.

All of this to say:the relationship between weight and health is far too complicated to make blanket statements like health-robbing body fat. Both weight gain and weight loss can be healthful or harmful.It all depends on context.

For years, Brody has presented herself as a living example of sustainable weight lossabout 50 years ago, she lost 40 pounds in twoyears and has kept that weight off since.In this particular column, she offers up her personal eating regimen as the solution to pandemic weight gain (and fatness in general): eat a diet based primarily on vegetables, with fish, beans, and nonfat milk [as ones]main sources of protein, along with a bit of portion-controlled ice cream, the occasional burger, and daily exercise. But while that approach may seem realistic compared to all the fad diets out there, experts warn that its not as accessible as Brody makes it sound.

This I can do it, so can youattitude is out of touch with many peoples reality, says Jennifer Jackson, a dietitian based inAlbuquerque, New Mexico. The nonprofit Feeding Americaestimates that 15 percent of Americans cant afford enough nutritious food to meet their needs, and Bloomberg reported earlier this year that 12 percent of Americans live in poverty. Stressors like working multiple jobs, raising children (especially as a single parent), lacking health insurance, and living in unsafe neighborhoods alsomake prioritizing good nutrition more complicated. Health behaviors often have more to do with someones privilege than their motivation, Jackson says.

Even if everyone did eat according to Brodys recommendations, it doesnt mean we would all magically be at what Brody and the BMIscale (theheight-to-weight ratio used to group people into weight categories)deema healthy weight.Weight is not simply calories in, calories out, Himmelstein says. In fact, the bodyactively resists weight loss: a2015 literature review published in the International Journal of Obesity explains that the body generally adapts to calorie deficits by burning fewer calories, using less stored fat for energy, decreasing the fullness-signaling hormone leptin, and increasing the hunger-signaling hormone ghrelin. Its also widely accepted that theres a genetic component to obesity, and a 2018 review in Current Obesity Report outlines the significant amount of evidence suggesting that stress plays a big role in body weight as well.

Weight and weight gain are the result of our genetics, our physiology, our environment, our personal stress levels, and our behaviors,the authors write. Assuming that weight is impacted only, or primarily, by our behaviors, is wildly inaccurate. Andmaintaining weight loss long-term is even harder than acheiving it in the first place. A 2020 review in The BMJ found that while diets lead to weight loss and health improvements in the first six months, these benefits typically disappear by the one-year mark.

Relentlessly encouraging weight loss does more harm than good. Fat-shaming messaging increases weight stigma, which increases stress and inflammationwhich are negative health outcomes, says Amee Severson, a dietitian and the owner of Prosper Nutrition in Bellingham,Washington.A 2015 study in Obesity, ofwhich Himmelstein was the lead author, found that individuals who reported experiencing weight stigma had higher levels of cortisol, a stress hormone, than those who did not. Chronically elevated levels of cortisol have repeatedly been linked to an increased risk of many diseases, as outlined in this 2017 review published in the EXCLI Journal.And a 2018 study in Health Psychology, also authored by Himmelstein, found that coping with weight stigma can negatively impact both physical and mental health.

While articles like Brodys are presumably meant to promote health and healthy behaviors, they actually do the opposite. A small 2014 study of 93 college-agewomenin the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology found that thosewho saw themselves as overweight felt less capable of controlling their eating and consumed more calories after reading a weight-stigmatizing news articlethan those who read a non-stigmatizing article. A larger 2017 study in Preventative Medicine found that experiencing weight stigma as an adolescent significantly increased a persons risk for binge eating and unhealthy weight-control behaviors as an adult. And, as Severson points out, it makes bigger-bodied people less likely to seek out health care, too.

No one owes it to the world to be healthy. I think that every single person has the right to choose how important health is to them, Severson says. People are allowed to have different values, and healthy behaviors like eating nutritious foods and getting regular movement are not a moral obligation.

Health is personal, and what is considered healthy when it comes to eating and other behaviors varies between individuals. Its incredibly difficult to give effective health advice to a large audience, but theres still room for health-promoting messages in the media. We need to thinkcritically about the harmcertain messages may cause. Mandating fruits and vegetables for people who cant afford them is offensive and misguided. Demonizing fat and weight gain is demoralizing and harmful to people who live in larger bodies. We know that shame doesnt motivate healthy behaviorsand itabsolutely harms health.

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Abortion Pill Reversal: Answering Your Questions About the Controversial Treatment – Medical News Bulletin

Thursday, May 27th, 2021

Americas Health Rankings reports that almost 50% of pregnant women in the U.S.did not originally intend to conceive. Furthermore, it states that over half of the nations female population will experience an unexpected pregnancy by the time they are 45 years old. The unintended conception rate (and birthrate in the U.S. in general) has actually declined in the past few years and may continue to drop, but it remains high at the moment. This is largely due to failure to utilize proper contraception or incorrect usage of it. Many younger individuals are not fully educated on the matter but continue to participate in sexual activities regardless, often acting on incorrect information gleaned from less than credible sources such as peers. Others lack access to preventative measures. There are three main options for women in this situation, keeping the baby, giving it up for adoption and getting it aborted. The latter is one many choose for a variety of reasons, including health concerns, personal trauma and life circumstances. However, some regret making this decision. There is an option for those who had a medical abortion and fall into this category calledabortion pill reversal.

A medical abortion consists of two phases in which two kinds of pills are taken, one type in each phase. The first is called mifepristone; it keeps the hormone progesterone, which helps the womb get ready for and nurture the baby, from being absorbed by taking up bonding spots on receptors so the chemical cannot attach to them. The reversal process works by essentially overriding this effect. The body is flooded with progesterone in the hope that there will be so much of it that mifepristone cant prevent all of it from being taken into the womb.

The process only works if the woman has only taken the first medicine; after the second dose of pills, it is ineffective. It is also best done as soon as possible after beginning the abortion, preferably within 24 hours. There have been a few cases where it worked when done within 72 hours, but in general the faster the reversal starts, the higher the likelihood is of it taking effect.

The reversal of the abortion pill is a relatively new concept, thought up within the past two decades. There has been a great deal of controversy over it as many people claim that it does not work. These individuals argue that there is not enough scientific evidence to support it as a viable method and cite incidents where it didnt produce the desired effects as proof that progesterone does not reverse the effects of mifepristone. Since there have been situations where women successfully remained pregnant after the progesterone process, the answer to the conflict has yet to be fully settled. There have also been ones where those who only took the first pill and not the second but did not choose reversal carried their babies to term, adding another factor to the complex issue. The American Association of Pro-Life Obstetricians and Gynecologists does support the validity of the procedure, though.

The process of reversing the abortion pill with progesterone is a controversial one. It has, however, appeared to be successful in many real-life cases.

Image byArek SochafromPixabay

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Dr. Fauci Explains How We Can Avoid Another COVID-19 Surge This Winter – Prevention.com

Thursday, May 27th, 2021

More than half of all American adults have now received at least one dose of the three available COVID-19 vaccines, according to the the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Cases of the novel coronavirus have been plummeting since February, and theyll likely keep falling if people continue lining up for their shots, according to Anthony Fauci, M.D., director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

One thing that is quite certain is that when you have a vaccine, or a group of vaccines, that are as highly effective in the real world ... as these vaccines are, and you get a substantial proportion of the population vaccinated, the chances of there being a surge are extraordinarily low, Dr. Fauci told The Washington Post this week.

The COVID-19 vaccines, which have been proven to prevent serious and symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections, are like a positive wild card on our side. The most recent and serious COVID-19 peak occurred at the end of 2020 and the beginning of 2021, a point when virtually no one in the country was vaccinated, Dr. Fauci said.

Now, the vaccines have the power to keep it from happening again. I really dont foresee there being the risk of a surge, provided we continue to get people vaccinated at the rate we have now, Dr. Fauci said.

For the latest health news, join Prevention Premium to gain exclusive access to expert-backed wellness content you can trust.

Experts agree. Just look at the numbers, which have been dropping steadily as vaccinations have ramped up, says Stephen Gluckman, M.D., an infectious disease expert and medical director of Penn Global Medicine. That really can only be attributed to the vaccine, because the other preventative measureswhich are very effective, by the waywere already in place and were not effective enough.

Masking, social distancing, and hand-washing have still been invaluable in the fight against COVID-19 and other seasonal illnesses; for example, flu activity has been much lower than in previous seasons, likely due to these practices, experts say.

The available vaccines are remarkable, even if theyre not 100% effective, because they decrease the number of serious, symptomatic infections. By keeping people less sick, the vaccines also reduce the risk of mutations, Dr. Gluckman explains, meaning that deadlier or more infectious variants (like the ones that were first identified in the U.K. and California) are less likely to develop and spread.

Earlier this month, President Joe Biden announced he aims to administer at least one dose of the COVID-19 vaccines to 70% of American adults by July 4. Nine states, including New Jersey, Hawaii, and New Mexico, have already met this goal at the time of publication. About 62% of American adults have received one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, and about 50% of adults are considered to be fully vaccinated, per the CDC. (Note that these figures only reflect vaccination rates in adults, not the full U.S. population.)

Although the exact percentage of vaccinated people necessary to achieve herd immunity remains unclear, Dr. Fauci has previously estimated that 70% to 85% of the population must be fully vaccinated to significantly prevent community spread. Bidens plan focuses only on adults, but children are crucial to herd immunity as well; vaccine approval for kids under 12 could hopefully come in the next few months.

Although we dont know exactly how long individual immunity will last post vaccine, Dr. Fauci isnt worried about the effects wearing off soon: I think [the vaccines] will be effective long enough that we will get to the point where we are not going to be necessarily worrying about a surge, he said in the interview. (Plus, Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson are already in the process of testing booster doses to maintain protection.)

In some areas, face coverings are becoming less common due to the CDCs updated masking guidancebut thats dangerous for unvaccinated people, for those who are immunocompromised, and for anyone in a crowded area. Its still crucial to become fully vaccinated before you go without a mask in high-risk spaces, like hospitals or public transportation.

Somehow, that might have gotten lost in the announcement about masks, Dr. Gluckman says. If you choose to wear a mask because you want to, theres no harm in doing so. It helps keep you and those around you safe.

But ultimately, doing your part for your community means lining up for your dose. Theres still enough [COVID-19] around for yet another surge, says Dr. Gluckman. The way to prevent that is by getting vaccinated.

This article is accurate as of press time. However, as the COVID-19 pandemic rapidly evolves and the scientific communitys understanding of the novel coronavirus develops, some of the information may have changed since it was last updated. While we aim to keep all of our stories up to date, please visit online resources provided by the CDC, WHO, and your local public health department to stay informed on the latest news. Always talk to your doctor for professional medical advice.

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USA Equities Corp. (OTCQB:USAQ) Discusses its Digital Medicine as the Future of Healthcare in Audio Interview with SmallCapVoice.com – GuruFocus.com

Thursday, May 27th, 2021

AUSTIN, TX / ACCESSWIRE / May 20, 2021 / SmallCapVoice.com Inc. ("SCV") announces the availability of a new interview with Troy Grogan, CEO of USA Equities Corp. (OTCQB:USAQ), to discuss the Company's digital medicine and virtual care platform designed to make healthcare encounters more efficient, cost-effective and comfortable for both the physician and patient.

Speaking with SCV's Stuart Smith, Grogan outlined the five focal points that drive USAQ's business model and growth trajectory. This structure generates recurring revenue for both USAQ and its physician clients, while the Company's remote-patient monitoring technology meets greater demand for virtual care in post-pandemic healthcare.

The full interview can be heard at: https://www.smallcapvoice.com/interview-usa-equities-corp-usaq/.

"Only 15 or so months ago, we wouldn't have thought virtual care technologies and digital medicine would come to the forefront but they are here and they're here to stay," Grogan explained. "A lot of patients have really felt the benefit of not having to go into a doctor's office and sit in a waiting room to get good, quality care. We're a part of that new ecosystem."

Healthcare providers also benefit from efficient digital care. USAQ's target market is a growing field of solo, independent practices looking for ways to generate revenue and become more efficient with their services. The Company's reimbursable Software-as-a-Service (Saas) technology enables these small businesses to achieve recurring revenue at high gross margins while addressing the preventative care of multiple chronic conditions, said Grogan.

As a public company, USAQ has the obvious advantage of access to capital markets, but it's the individual healthcare professional and retail investor that the Company seeks to obtain as key stakeholders.

"Instead of going to [venture capitalists] and institutional investors, we've gone to our clients and let them have an opportunity to invest in the future of medicine and join us alongside in the future upside that we have," Grogan stated. "We're a publicly traded company as opposed to being privately held to give retail investors to have a piece of the future of medicine."

Grogan's diverse experience in healthcare in the U.S. and abroad has given him a well-rounded perspective of the healthcare industry. This insight is the foundation of the tactical manner used to assemble the Company's management and advisory board.

"Along this journey of 10 years, I've built a very solid team around me of medical educators, doctors, business development experts in network development for physicians and growing physician networks," he said. "As an early-stage company, you can't just gain authority and credibility overnight. Often, you have to bring a team around you that brings credibility to the forefront."

In 2020, USAQ leveraged this expertise to launch two apps and present at the University of Miami Allergy Diagnostics and Allergen Immunotherapy Virtual CME Event, a continuing education course for over 100 doctors to demonstrate that the future of medicine is headed toward physician-directed digital medicine and preventative health technologies that streamline the care process.

Next month, USAQ will participate in a second workshop at the University of Miami's Miller School of Medicine to further educate medical practitioners on the Company's solutions and to continue to build its client base.

"This is a key point," said Grogan. "This is the type of doctor that we're getting as a client. Their behavior is that they want to be educated in these new areas, they want to do things that are slightly out of the scope of their practice but want to make sure they have the right credentials to do it, and they're looking to make more revenue."

Moving into the second half of 2021, Grogan said the Company will add more products to its customer base, more efficiently amortizing its sales and marketing. He concluded the interview with a recap in USAQ's recent financial performance and its ability to double revenues sequentially from one quarter to the next.

The full interview can be heard at: https://www.smallcapvoice.com/interview-usa-equities-corp-usaq/.

About USA Equities Corp.

USA Equities Corp. (OTCQB:USAQ) is focused on providing value-based healthcare solutions, clinical informatics and algorithmic personalized medicine including digital therapeutics, behavior-based remote patient monitoring, chronic care and preventive medicine. The Company's products are intended to allow general practice physicians to increase their revenues by cost effectively diagnosing and treating chronic diseases that are generally referred to specialists. The Company's products and information service portfolio are directed toward prevention, early detection, management and reversal of cardio-metabolic and other chronic diseases. Our principal objectives are to develop proprietary software tools, devices and approaches, providing more granular, timely and specific clinical decision-making information for practicing physicians and other health care providers to address today's obese, diabetic and cardiovascular disease population.

For additional information, visit the Company's website at http://www.USAQCorp.com

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain matters discussed in this press release are forward-looking statements' intended to qualify for the safe harbor from liability established by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In particular, the Company's statements regarding trends in the marketplace, future revenues, future products and potential future results and acquisitions, are examples of such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are generally identified by words such as may', could', believes', estimates', targets', expects', or intends' and other similar words that express risks and uncertainties. These statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, the timing of the introduction of new products, the inherent discrepancy in actual results from estimates, projections and forecasts made by management, regulatory delays, changes in government funding and budgets, and other factors, including general economic conditions, not within the Company's control. The factors discussed herein and expressed from time to time in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission could cause actual results and developments to be materially different from those expressed in or implied by such statements. The forward-looking statements are made only as of the date of this press release and the Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update such forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.

About SmallCapVoice.com

SmallCapVoice.com, Inc. is a recognized corporate investor relations firm, with clients nationwide, known for its ability to help emerging growth companies, small cap and micro-cap stocks build a following among retail and institutional investors. SmallCapVoice.com utilizes its stock newsletter to feature its daily stock picks, podcasts, as well as its clients' financial news releases. SmallCapVoice.com also offers individual investors all the tools they need to make informed decisions about the stocks in which they are interested. Tools like stock charts, stock alerts, and Company Information Sheets can assist with investing in stocks that are traded on the OTCMarkets. To learn more about SmallCapVoice.com and its services, please visit https://www.smallcapvoice.com/small-cap-stock-otc-investor-relations-financial-public-relations/.

Socialize with SmallCapVoice and their clients at

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SmallCapVoice/Twitter: https://twitter.com/smallcapvoiceInstagram: https://www.instagram.com/smallcapvoice/

CONTACT:

Investor & Media Contact

Olivia GiamancoUSA Equities Corp.(929) 379-6503[emailprotected]

SmallCapVoice.com

Stuart T. Smith512-267-2430[emailprotected]

SOURCE: SmallCapVoice.com

View source version on accesswire.com: https://www.accesswire.com/648246/USA-Equities-Corp-OTCQBUSAQ-Discusses-its-Digital-Medicine-as-the-Future-of-Healthcare-in-Audio-Interview-with-SmallCapVoicecom

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The HPV Vaccine Now Targets the Strains That Are Most Common in Black and Latina Women – POPSUGAR

Thursday, May 27th, 2021

Editor's Note: We at POPSUGAR recognize that people of many genders and identities, including but not limited to women, may or may not have female sex organs, such as a cervix or vagina. This particular story includes language from experts, government agencies, and studies that generally refer to people with female sex organs as women.

It's been roughly two decades since the US launched a nationwide vaccination effort against the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted virus that increases the likelihood of developing certain cancers. While the campaign is widely viewed as a success, it has led only to a stagnant reduction in infection rates in the Black and Latinx communities and not just because, historically, these communities have been more likely to express vaccine hesitancy. The first two vaccines created to slow HPV transmission did not address the strains of the virus that are most common in women who researchers identify as Black or Hispanic, the demographic that is also most likely to be diagnosed with HPV-associated diseases, including cervical cancer.

Young millennials like myself and older members of Gen Z may recall getting Gardasil-4 or Cervarix-2, the first vaccines that were developed to curb the spread of HPV. Gardasil-4 and Cervarix-2 were administered to young people and children as young as 9 years old, and required a two- or three-dose regimen, depending on the person's age at the time of their first dose. However, despite the success of these vaccines following their rollout in 2006, the Black and Latinx communities have continued to experience disproportionate levels of HPV-associated cancers. Thus, the creation of the Gardasil-9 vaccine the latest HPV vaccine that expands protection against multiple strains of high-risk HPV is essential in addressing this disparity.

Gardasil-9 is now the primary HPV vaccine in the US and has proven to be nearly 100 percent effective at preventing HPV-associated diseases, especially when administered early in life. But what does this mean for those who were already vaccinated, or are perhaps considering it for the first time? Here's what you need to know to protect yourself and those you care about most.

First, let's talk about the basics. Though most HPV infections resolve on their own within two years of transmission, nearly 80 million Americans are currently living with the virus, with 14 million HPV infections occurring annually. The 37 known strains of HPV are divided into "high-risk" and "low-risk" categories. Low-risk strains are known to carry a lower risk of a person who contracts HPV later being diagnosed with HPV-associated cancers, and their symptoms are typically milder in nature. In contrast, high-risk strains present the highest risk of causing cervical, oropharyngeal, anal, and other types of cancers. Overall, 14 of the 37 strains of HPV are considered high-risk strains, with strains 16 and 18 causing 70 percent of cervical cancers and precancerous lesions.

Despite the Gardasil-4 and Cervarix-2 vaccines being responsible for massive decreases in HPV and HPV-associated cancers, more recent studies have shown that not all Americans benefited equally. A 2013 study conducted by researchers at Duke University School of Medicine found that white people tend to primarily contract HPV strains 16, 18, 33, 39, and 59, while Black participants in the study carried strains 31, 35, 45, 56, 58, 66, and 68. Moreover, a study published in 2015 by the American Association For Cancer Research found that some of the same strains that affected Black women at higher rates were even more common in Hispanic women living along the Texas-Mexico border.

The original Gardasil, a quadrivalent vaccine, was designed to prevent HPV strains 6, 11, 16, and 18; Cervarix, a bivalent vaccine, only targeted strains 16 and 18. By contrast, Gardasil-9 protects against HPV strains 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 widening the net for the communities that are most at risk for HPV-associated cancers.

"I think the original vaccines not covering more high-grade strains is not necessarily a failure of medicine or research. I think it's just a function of how science and discovery go," Ukachi Emeruwa, MD, MPH, an ob-gyn and clinical fellow in maternal-fetal medicine at Columbia University Irving Medical Center in New York, told POPSUGAR. "Medications and vaccinations should change not because they were unsafe when they came out, but because we make them available as soon as we find something helpful and then change them to make them even better every time we can."

Gardasil-9 is recommended for young people ages 11 to 26, as well as adults up to age 45 who, after discussing their risk factors with their doctor, decide that they could benefit from being vaccinated. However, Chinedu Nwabuobi, MD, an ob-gyn at a large health system in Columbus, OH, explained that people who have already received the required doses of the Gardasil-4 or Cervarix-2 vaccines are not advised to undergo an additional course with Gardasil-9. I, personally, chose to get the Gardasil-9 vaccine recently at 28 years old, because I never completed my third dose of the HPV vaccine after receiving my first at age 11. I was informed by my own doctor that there's no specific amount of time that needs to pass before you begin your course of Gardasil-9 should you choose to do so.

If you're unvaccinated and still skeptical or hesitant to add the vaccine to your to-do list, know that there are benefits beyond cancer prevention (which is a massive one). "HPV is also associated with genital warts," Dr. Nwabuobi told POPSUGAR. "In addition, management of abnormal pap smears which may be attributed to high-risk HPV may include a procedure called a cone biopsy. During this procedure, a portion of your cervix that contains abnormal cells is removed surgically," which may increase your risk for premature delivery if you decide to have a baby later on. "As a maternal-fetal medicine doctor, I deal with preterm birth issues frequently, and prevention of this condition is very paramount whenever possible," Dr. Nwabuobi explained.

Experts generally agree that more work needs to be done to ensure equitable healthcare and public health education for those who are most affected by HPV. The fact that such disparities exist suggests that preventive strategies including identification of and treatment for precancerous lesions aren't reaching the Black and Latinx communities the way they should, Dr. Emeruwa explained. "Until we can get to a point in which the way we share knowledge, build trust, and distribute interventions is equitable, I don't see us making a dent in that disparity."

As we've seen during the COVID-19 pandemic, vaccination efforts are futile when a population isn't properly informed about the vaccine and granted equitable access to it. "Ultimately, I think the first step in closing the gaps is for healthcare providers to engage women of color through education and unbiased counseling," Dr. Nwabuobi said, adding that the government can also address these disparities by engaging communities of color with awareness campaigns focused on cervical cancer and by expanding healthcare coverage. It's well-documented within public health research that Black and Latina women are least likely to have health insurance coverage and access to healthcare and by extension, preventative treatments due to issues like poverty and systemic and medical racism.

"I think the future of women's health is understanding and respecting that medicine and health do not operate in a vacuum," Dr. Emeruwa explained. "Access to care and infrastructure that promotes healthy behavior, policy, financial resources, discrimination, racism, cultural competency, historical context all of these and more directly impact any intervention or treatment that we develop. It's not all genetics and biology the way we used to or would want to believe." She continued: "If we want to mend and close the gaps in healthcare, our research and care have to start to investigate women's health through this more holistic lens."

Though a major overhaul is needed within the medical and public health communities, the development of the Gardasil-9 vaccine to specifically address the HPV strains that are most prevalent in Black and Latina women is indicative of an era of healthcare dedicated to addressing both bodily and societal ills.

While that work continues, you should do everything you can to reduce your risk. "Other than getting the HPV vaccine, the best way to lower your chance of getting HPV is to use latex condoms and dental dams the right way every time you have sex," Dr. Nwabuobi said, noting that you should also get routine cervical cancer screenings, starting at age 21. In the battle against HPV, it's important to arm yourself with every resource available.

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